Ahimenez: home care, transplant and reproduction
The plant Achimenes (Achimenes) is part of the Gesneriaceae family and is very popular among flower growers. In nature, there are about 50 species belonging to this genus, all of them are represented by perennial herbaceous plants. This plant has been cultivated since the 18th century, and in nature it can be found in the tropical regions of Central and South America. The people Achimenes is also called the "magic flower."
Features of Achimenes
When growing Achimenes at home, you need to remember that he has a period of rest. Preparation for this period in the flower begins in mid-October. In the winter months it should be kept in a dark and cool (about 16 degrees) place, and the bush is watered very poorly at this time.
All species of Achimenes have pubescence. The stem at the bush can be branched, and foliage happens with a serrated edge and with pubescence (depending on the species). After opening, the flowers quickly wither and die, but in their place new buds are also rapidly appearing. The color of the flowers is diverse: pink, yellow, red, purple and other colors. They are decorated with various patterns, namely: spots, dots and stripes.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. Twice during the season in May – October.
- Illumination. Growing dark-leafed forms, they are provided with a large amount of light, while in the morning and evening they need a little direct sunlight. Variegated forms are grown in small shade or in a place with diffused light.
- Temperature mode. During the growing season - from 20 to 23 degrees, and from the second half of autumn to mid-spring - from 15 to 17 degrees.
- Watering. Humidify the soil using the lower watering method (through the sump). During the growing season, water abundantly, and from the last days of September, it will be necessary to reduce the frequency of watering to once every 30 days.
- Air humidity. It should be high, but you can’t moisten the bush from the sprayer. Instead, humidify the air around it, or moist pebbles are poured into the pallet, on which a flower pot is placed.
- Fertilizer. Achimenes begin to feed after the appearance of the first young shoots, and end when it fades. At other times, you do not need to feed him. Fertilizer is applied to the soil 1 time in 15 days.
- Rest period. It starts in the second half of October, and ends in March.
- Transfer. It is carried out in the early days of February.
- Soil mix. It should consist of turf and leaf land, and sand (2: 4: 1).
- Breeding. Division of rhizomes, cuttings and seed method.
- Harmful insects. Aphids, spider mites and thrips.
- Diseases. The plant rots due to too much watering.
My favorite achimenes: cultivation secrets and variety variety
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Achimenes care at home
Achimenes is a photophilous plant. However, it should be borne in mind that its different types require different lighting intensities. When growing dark-leafed forms, it is necessary to provide them with a large amount of bright light, while they will not harm the direct sunlight of the morning or evening sun. Variegated forms grow well in bright diffused lighting and in slight shading. Do not allow direct sunlight to fall on their foliage, because of this, burns can form on them.
During the growing season, Achimenes grows well and develops at a temperature of 22 to 23 degrees. From mid-October, the temperature in the room where the flower is located begins to gradually lower, it was at this time that the root system of the plant was gaining strength, preparing for a long period of rest.
Achimenes needs abundant watering throughout the growing season.To do this, use soft, well-settled water. However, make sure that no fluid stagnates in the root system. Remember that during watering, drops of water should not fall on the surface of the leaf plates, as the plant reacts extremely negatively to this. Therefore, it is recommended to water the flower with a syringe or through a tray (lower watering). The temperature of the water used for irrigation should be slightly higher than room temperature.
The plant needs high humidity, but you can not spray the foliage at the same time. To increase humidity, either air near the flower is sprayed from the spray gun, or wet claydite or pebbles are poured into the pallet and a flower pot is placed on it. Make sure that the bottom of the pot does not come into contact with the liquid. If drops of moisture get on the foliage, then brown spots will form on it.
Feeding begins only after 30 days have passed since the emergence of young shoots, for this they use mineral complex fertilizer. Contribute it to the substrate 1 time in 15 days. Finish feeding the Achimenes immediately after it fades.
As soon as the part of the bush above the ground is completely dry, it is cut off. If pruning is done earlier, then the root system will not have time to pull out all the nutrients from the foliage that will be useful to it during the rest period.
From mid-autumn, the foliage of the plant begins to dry. After its aboveground part is cut off, the flower pot is cleaned in a place where it is always dark and cool (about 15 degrees). Already in the last days of September, watering begins to be gradually reduced, and when the bush is cut off, the soil is moistened once every 30 days and a small amount of well-settled water is used for this. If you water the plant at this time too abundantly, then it can wake up and start to grow too soon. In the event that the flower is nevertheless awakened ahead of time, then it is transferred to a well-lit place, and if necessary, it is provided with illumination, for example, with fluorescent lamps. Only with good lighting, Achimenes will grow and develop within the normal range.
Landing and transplanting
The rhizomes of Achimenes stored in pots in winter begin to grow when the temperature rises to 18 degrees, and also thanks to bright lighting and an increase in the frequency and abundance of watering. If rhizomes were stored in the sand in winter, then after planting in a pot, they also begin to grow actively.
A transplant or planting of such a plant is carried out in the first days of February. Since the rhizome of Achimenes is quite short, a low flower pot is used for planting. If during the transplantation it is found that the rhizome is very large, then it can be divided into parts, while the delenki are planted in separate pots. Cut the rhizome with a very sharp tool so that there is a growth point on each dividend. After the cutting site dries, it is sprinkled with coal powder and planted in a fertile substrate. At the bottom of the tank you need to make a thick layer of drainage, which should occupy half the height of the pot, for this you can use expanded clay or pieces of brick. Then the drainage is covered with a layer of soil mixture, which may have several compositional options:
- turf and leaf soil, as well as sand (2: 4: 1);
- sand, leaf and peat soil (1.5: 4: 2);
- humus, sand, deciduous and soddy soil (1: 1: 2: 3).
Whichever option you choose, pour a small amount of fine charcoal into the finished mixture. Place the rhizome in the prepared pot and slightly push it into the soil mixture. After that, pour it on top with the same soil mixture.
Ahimenez after wintering in a planter: landing is easy!
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How to propagate achimenes by dividing the rhizome is described in more detail above.Still for propagation, cuttings and the seed method are used.
Sowing seeds is carried out in the last days of winter or in early spring. To do this, use a container filled with coarse sand. Crops from above are covered with a film (glass) and moisten the sand through a pallet. Keep them in a warm place (from 24 to 26 degrees) and do not forget to systematically air. The first seedlings should appear after 2-3 weeks. As they grow up, they are dived twice or thrice into pots, which should be slightly larger than the old ones. After the bushes grow and get stronger, they are transplanted into a constant container and begin to care for in the same way as for adult achimenes. Seed material can be purchased at a flower shop or collected with your own hands, if you already have such a plant at home. To do this, wait until after flowering 8 weeks have passed, and pluck the fruits that have formed and become soft, in which the seeds are located.
Achimenes is propagated by cuttings quite rarely. Cut off the stem and take the lower or middle part for the stem. It is planted on the root in the sand and covered with a cropped bottle or glass jar. Water it through the pan and systematically ventilate. In order for the roots to appear faster, you can use a special tool that stimulates root formation. After 15 days, the cuttings will take root, and after another half a month they are transplanted into a permanent pot.
Propagation of achimenes: all methods
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Diseases and pests
When growing achimenes, the following problems may occur:
- The buds turn brown. The room is very hot, lower the temperature to 24 degrees.
- The bush is struck by gray rot. This may occur due to stagnation of water in the substrate. Between watering, the soil mixture should dry well.
- Brown spots appear on the foliage. The bush is watered with cold water.
- Harmful insects. Pests such as spider mites, thrips or aphids can settle on the flower.
Types of Achimenes
This perennial herb with a scaly rhizome can reach a height of about 30 centimeters. On the surface of green drooping shoots there is pubescence. The species can be grown as an ampel plant. Opposite or whorled oblong sheet plates have a serrated edge and pubescence. Single large flowers of violet color grow from the leaf sinuses. There are many forms and varieties.
Achimenes grandiflora (Achimenes grandiflora)
Originally from Mexico, it can reach a height of more than half a meter. He has more leaf plates than Achimenes long-flowered, their width is about 6 centimeters, and their length is up to 10 centimeters. Reddish-purple flowers grow from the leaf sinuses. As a rule, two flowers grow from one sinus.
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