Pachistachis - home care, reproduction and transplantation
Plants such as Pachystachys are evergreen shrubs and perennials. They belong to the family called Acanthus (Acanthaceae). In the wild, they grow in Central and South America (rainforests), as well as on the coast of Australia (east) and in East India (subtropics).
Pachistachis received such an unusual name due to its colors. So “pachys” means “thick”, and “stachys” is translated as an ear.
This evergreen plant can reach a height of 100 centimeters. Its shoots are straight and thick. On the shoots are quite large leaves (length up to 10-12 centimeters). They have an oval shape, pointed to the end. These dark green leaves are located opposite. Pachistachis has rather unusual and very spectacular inflorescences, which are spike-like and consist of several bracts, painted in bright orange and yellow colors. The length of such an inflorescence can reach an average of 10 centimeters. The flowers themselves have a white color and only look a little from the bracts.
This unusual plant blooms from 10 to 12 days, and then its flowers fade and fall. But even after that it does not lose its spectacular and very elegant appearance and all this thanks to bracts. One bush of pachistachis can have up to 15–20 inflorescences. It blooms long enough, or rather, from March to October.
Home Care for Pachistachis
Despite the fact that this plant needs good and fairly bright lighting, it reacts extremely negatively to direct sunlight. Therefore, the flower should be shaded if necessary. An excellent place to place pachistachis is the windowsill, located on the western or eastern side of the room. In winter, he needs a lot of light for normal growth and development.
In spring and summer, the air temperature in the room where the flower is located should be about 20 degrees. In the event that the air warms above 24 degrees, the plant must be additionally moistened.
In autumn and winter, it will feel comfortable in a room where the air temperature will be from 16 to 19 degrees. However, make sure that it does not drop below 14 degrees. Also, pachistachis should be protected from drafts and not put it close to heating appliances.
This flower is quite hygrophilous. Therefore, it is necessary to spray it regularly all year round and preferably, as often as possible. Alternatively, you can fill the pan with moss or expanded clay and pour a little clean water into it. A flower pot is installed on top, just make sure that its bottom does not touch the water.
Features of watering
In spring and summer, this evergreen plant must be watered abundantly. In winter, watering needs to be reduced. So, a flower is watered only after a couple of days have passed after the top layer of the soil has dried.
Keep in mind that the earth should be slightly moistened all the time, but remember that in no case should there be stagnation of water. Also, do not allow the earthen coma to dry out.
How to feed
Pachistachis is fed only during the growing season. Comprehensive fertilizer for flowering plants is excellent for this. Fertilizers are applied to the soil 2 times a month.
For planting this flower, you can purchase a universal mixture for decorative flowering plants. And also the mixture can be prepared with your own hands. To do this, you need to mix sand, peat, humus, leaf and clay-soddy earth in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1: 2.
How to transplant
This plant is transplanted annually in the spring months, preferably immediately after pruning. Remember to make good drainage.
In order for the pachistachis to look very impressive and have a chic crown, he just needs to regularly trim and pinch. For the first time, the plant is cut in such a way that a stump equal to 10-15 centimeters rises above the soil. When young lateral shoots appear from the sleeping buds, then they should pluck out the third pair of leaves. The same thing is done with the following shoots. If during the first year of a flower’s life, such a procedure is performed at least 3 or 4 times, then as a result you will get a bush, which will have 8-12 tops.
With the onset of spring, before the plant begins to grow actively, each tip is pinched or pruned. As a result, a pair of young shoots will grow from all the tops. Thus, your flower will have from 16 to 24 tops. Pachistachis can now be allowed to bloom. After one branch fades, it will be divided into 2, and flowering will begin again. And you can watch this until the end of the season. Next spring, it is imperative to pinch all the tops again.
How to propagate
The main method of propagation is cuttings. Cuttings are obtained from the plant during pruning (usually in spring). Trim the apical shoots, which should have at least 2 internodes. They are rooted in water, and they also need to provide heat (20–22 degrees) and high humidity. Systematically sprayed with warm, settled water.
For faster rooting, cuttings are covered from above with a jar of glass or a bag of polyethylene (transparent). Every day it is aired, removing the shelter for half an hour.
After rooting, the cuttings are planted in small pots (12 centimeters in diameter). And then into a larger pot. This stimulates abundant flowering in pachistachis. To make the bush lush, you can plant several plants in one pot, and you can also systematically pinch the side shoots.
Possible diseases and pests
On this plant, a spider mite, a mealybug and a scab may appear. However, this is extremely rare.
Possible problems and causes
In pachistachis, the following problems may occur:
- Leaves fall. This is due to scarce watering or the presence of drafts.
- The leaves curl and their tips dry.. Humidity is not high enough.
- The trunk below is bare. This can only be fixed by short cropping. The resulting cuttings are recommended to be rooted.
- Small leaves and elongated shoots. The plant lacks light.
Pachistachis. [Hope and Peace]
Watch this video on YouTube
Pachistachis yellow (Pachystachys lutea)
It is a shrub that grows up to 100 centimeters in height. This evergreen plant has straight shoots, which after some time are lignified (only in the lower part). The dark green leaves are very beautiful and have the shape of an oval, which tapers to both ends. These sessile leaves reach a length of 15–20 centimeters, and they have an average width of 5 centimeters. Venation is quite clear. Their bright yellow inflorescences (spike-shaped), reaching a length of 10-15 centimeters, are erect. The blooming of white flowers occurs gradually. It begins from the base of the inflorescence and gradually moves to its top. Two-lipped long flowers are deeply incised. Flowering begins in the first spring month, and ends in the second half of autumn.
Pachistachis red (Pachystachys coccinea)
This type of pachistachis can reach a height of 200 centimeters. Its flowers have a very rich and bright red color, and bracts are painted in dark green. Decorativeness to this plant gives an interesting combination of two fairly saturated colors, namely, scarlet red and dark green.