Orchid miltonia: home care, species, transplant
Such an incredibly beautiful plant as the Miltonia orchid is very popular with flower growers who gladly grow it at home. This amazing plant was named after the very famous Englishman Milton, an orchid collector.
Such a herbaceous plant is a perennial and is directly related to a fairly extensive orchid family. In nature, it can most often be found in the forests of Colombia and Brazil.
Some time ago, this genus united all species growing in the valleys and mountainous regions of Central America, as well as Brazil. However, at the moment, such mountain plants are allocated in a separate genus - miltoniopsis. On the contrary, the miltonia plant prefers to grow in lowlands, in places with a rainy climate.
Such a plant has a sympodial nature of growth, and it is epiphytic. So, this orchid has aerial roots and stems, with pseudobulbs located at the base. Its rather long leaves have a very interesting color, which is similar to yellow or gray. Flowers can be painted in a variety of color shades. At the same time, extremely unusual patterns similar to butterfly wings are placed on the surface of the petals.
This plant has false bulbs, from which several stems grow, outwardly somewhat reminiscent of a panicle. They may vary in color. So, they are pink, white, red or yellow.
Seeing such a plant for the first time, the last thing that can come to mind is that it is exotic. That's all, because it has a very attractive, but quite simple look. Often, gardeners call it pansies, because their flowers are very similar in color and shape.
This genus unites approximately 20 species of various plants, as well as hybrids, and the most popular is miltassia.
Miltonia orchid care at home
This kind of orchid is relatively simple to grow at home. To do this, just follow all the rules for care.
Needs warmth and good lighting, but the light must be diffused. Miltonia can also grow quite easily in partial shade. With sufficient lighting, the leaf blades have a pinkish tint. The direct rays of the sun should not fall on the leaves, as they can leave burns on their surface.
In the spring-summer period, the plant is recommended to be grown indoors with a temperature of no higher than 20 degrees, and in winter - no more than 18 degrees. A sharp change in temperature can negatively affect the condition of the plant. The maximum temperature difference at which the orchid will feel quite comfortable is 3 or 4 degrees. Frequent airing is recommended, but experts advise protecting the flower from drafts.
The fact that the temperature regime does not suit this plant can be understood from the state of its leaf plates, which begin to shrink into an "accordion". At the same time, the number of shoots is reduced, they grow smaller and grow extremely slowly.
Miltonia will feel great at an air humidity of about 70 percent. It should be remembered that the humidity should not be less than 60 percent, as this is extremely negative for the orchid. So, her growth slows down, and flower stalks also begin to dry out. It should be remembered that the warmer the room, the higher the humidity should be. To increase it, in the immediate vicinity of the flower, you can place an open vessel filled with water, as well as pour moist pebbles into the pan. Also, one should not forget about regular and quite frequent airings.
How to water
In the spring-summer period, intensive growth is observed, in connection with this, watering the plant at this time needs to be plentiful. Make sure that the soil mixture does not dry out completely, and also be sure to drain the accumulated liquid in the pan. Otherwise, this can lead to the death of miltonia.
Watering is recommended by the "hot shower" method. For this, water with a temperature of 45 degrees is used. Such a soul resembles a plant rain in the places where it comes from. After watering, wait until all the liquid has drained, and then wipe the leaf plates dry.
In winter, watering should be reduced.
Fertilize the substrate once every 2 weeks, following the instructions. The use of foliar top dressing is allowed - this is when the leaves are sprayed with water, with nutrients dissolved in it. If the plant blooms profusely, it means that you are feeding correctly.
As a rule, the dormant period begins after the pseudobulbs mature. At the same time, young and old processes should become the same size. At this time, the orchid needs coolness (up to 15 degrees), and watering should also be reduced.
Flower experts advise to rearrange for this period in a cool and fairly dry place. The duration of this period is about 8 weeks. In summer, you can hang a container with a plant in the shade of trees in the garden. In winter, miltonia also has a dormant period during which growth slows down and flowering almost stops. It is necessary to start normal care of the plant after young peduncles appear.
Transplanted 1 or 2 times a year. This is recommended to be done immediately after the beginning of flowering, while the size of young shoots should reach 5 centimeters. More frequent transplants are not recommended.
The root system extracted from the old pot needs to be cleaned of the substrate. In this case, carry out such a procedure as carefully as possible. If necessary, take a larger container.
Drainage is laid out at the bottom, as well as in the center of the tank (it is better to take it from plastic). The soil should be loose with pine chips, impurities and chopped charcoal. The first watering after transplantation is recommended in 2–4 days, and before that you need to moisten the foliage as often as possible.
Young shoots should not be deeply buried in the soil.
Orchid and Orchids Miltonia. Transplanting, landing in new soil.
Watch this video on YouTube
It can be propagated vegetatively. Nip off the shoot from the adult shoot (at least 3 pseudobulbs should be present on it) and plant it in a separate pot.
Diseases and Pests
Whiteflies, thrips and scale insects most often inhabit the plant.
- Thrips - like warmth and dryness. On the front side of the leaves, grayish dots form. The foliage itself takes on a silver tint.
- Whiteflies - whitish or yellowish spots form on the wrong side of the leaves. Over time, the foliage becomes colorless, and then becomes brown. After that, the flower dies.
- Scabies - on the surface of foliage and shoots, brownish plaques form, leaving a stickiness.
Miltonia Orchid Care
Watch this video on YouTube
The main types
Miltonia brilliant (Miltonia spectabilis)
This plant is universal, as it can grow calmly in both warm and cold. Slightly elongated pseudobulbs are flattened laterally. Yellowish leaflets have a strap-like shape. Quite large flowers are most often painted in white and yellow. And also there are pink flowers with streaks of purple. It blooms in late summer and autumn.
The birthplace of such an orchid is Argentina. She has bifid pseudobulbs and peduncles that can carry no more than 14 snow-white patterned flowers. The pointed leaves have a straw color.This miltonia blooms from March to August.
Miltonia snow-white (Miltonia sandida)
From one bulb grows 1 or 2 peduncles, which carry no more than 5 fragrant and fairly large flowers. In this case, the cups are wavy and painted yellow. On the surface of the petals are brownish or reddish spots of small size.
Thin leaflets have a glossy surface. Peduncle carries no more than 6 fragrant flowers, painted white. Stripes of purple hue are located on the pink lip.
This hybrid was created by crossing brassia with miltonia. Petals of lovely flowers do not have the usual round shape, but a little elongated. They are collected in a panicle-shaped inflorescence and are outwardly similar to many spider legs.
Also very popular are species such as Sail, Delightful, Phalaenopsis, Ruzla, and hybrids - Odontonia, Degarmoara.