How to care for cacti at home: watering, reproduction and transplanting
After personal computers began to appear in people’s homes, it became fashionable to place cacti near them. Many believe that such a plant has the ability to lower the level of harmful radiation or even absorb it. But after some time, most of the PC users began to notice that their cacti somehow fade and die. And the thing is that despite its unpretentiousness and resistance to drought, this plant needs some care.
It should be understood that care for cacti and deciduous houseplants is necessary in different ways. If you want a cactus to become a real decoration of your apartment, then before you start it, you need to ask how to properly care for it and what can harm this unusual flower.
The birthplace of cacti is America. In the wild, cacti can grow to significant sizes. Desert cacti excellently grow and develop in the harsh conditions of semi-deserts found in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Peru and Bolivia. In the wild, forest cacti can be found in the tropical jungle. Desert as well as forest species of cacti have significant differences, and in this regard, how to care for a cactus is determined by its type.
How to care for cacti // How to water cacti? // ALL Cacti Bloom
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At home, cacti, which are dwarf, often grow, they were born with the help of breeders. You can buy a huge number of miniature varieties, while placing them several dozen on the windowsill will not be difficult.
The most popular of domestic desert cacti are such as: Knippel's echinocereus and comb, Peruvian cereus, Thoroid aporocactus, Duncum cactus, Dwarf pigeon, Echinopsis echinopsis, Gruson's echinocactus, Sylvesteriformes cigariformes, Sylvesteriformes, and Sylvesteriformes cynostiformes, Espinacea eryngifolosa, and Sylvesteriformes cynostiformes.
Varieties of forest cacti grown at home have no external resemblance to the cacti familiar to all. In the wild, they prefer to grow under trees or on them. At home, epiphyllum, ripsalidopsis, and also zygocactus (Christmas tree or Decembrist) are most often grown.
Features of indoor care
In the event that you purchased this plant not to protect yourself from radiation, but to decorate the apartment, then try to choose the most suitable place for it.
Varieties of desert cacti require a lot of sunlight. In this regard, experts advise that they be placed on a window of southern or eastern orientation. A variety of forest cacti, including zygocactus, is recommended to be placed on the windows of northern or western orientation. If you place a Christmas tree on a window of southern orientation, then its leaf plates will become faded, and between periods of flowering and dormancy, failures will begin.
In summer, these plants are best taken out into the fresh air (balcony). If in winter the apartment is very warm, then for cacti it is necessary to maintain high humidity. However, it is worth considering that in winter almost all varieties of cacti have a rest period. In this regard, it is recommended to transfer them to a cool room (from 15 to 17 degrees) and place in partial shade or shade.
Although the plant is drought tolerant, it must not be watered at all. It is allowed to skip one watering, but it is better to carry out this procedure as necessary and not to forget that the cactus, like all other plants, needs water.For watering, you need to use water at room temperature, which must be defended for a day. If possible, it is recommended to water the cacti with rain or melt water.
Approximate irrigation plan:
- in spring and summer - daily or 1 time in two days;
- autumn period - 1 time in 5-7 days;
- winter period - 1 time in 1–1.5 weeks.
The basic principle of watering is that the more plentiful and more often the watering will be, the warmer the room.
It should also be remembered that the cactus is actively growing in the warm months, while it begins to bloom in the cold season. In the event that you want your cactus to bloom, then he just needs to arrange a period of rest.
A cactus should be transplanted only if it becomes crowded in a pot. This procedure is carried out in the spring, while the period of intensive growth begins. 2-3 days before the transplant, the cactus should be stopped watered, as the soil should be unhindered from the roots. In order not to get hurt about the cactus, it must be wrapped in several layers of paper or high-density fabric.
Young specimens require an annual transplant, and those who are 3 or 4 years old need this procedure once every several years.
The capacity for planting should be chosen compact, so that the root system fits in it, and there is no empty space. At the bottom of the pot you need to lay out the drainage layer and pour a small amount of substrate. After that, you need to hold the plant with your hand and lower its roots into the container. At the same time, with the other hand, slowly pour soil into the container until it fills the pot. In this case, the soil surface should be a centimeter below the edge of the tank. You can not bury the base of the stem into the substrate. In order to fill the soil more densely in the pot, you need to systematically tap on its walls. The optimal composition of the soil mixture for this plant: washed river sand, peat, sheet land and charcoal. The soil is weakly acidic and loose. If desired, in a special store you can buy a mixture of cacti.
Cacti can be propagated by the seed method, as well as by shoots. The second method is very simple and effective, and therefore is more popular with flower growers. However, those who consider themselves a true cactus grower will definitely want to grow a cactus from a seed with their own hands. However, it should be borne in mind that this method of reproduction is rather complicated and ineffective.
For vegetative propagation, processes are used that are taken from adult specimens. Such cuttings, as a rule, have small roots, and in this regard, rooting occurs rather quickly and easily.
The seeds of these plants purchased in a special store must be disinfected by immersing them for a while in a strong solution of potassium permanganate. After that, they are germinated by placing in a humid environment. Seeds of some species may sprout after a day, while others require several weeks.
Psychologists found that most often cacti are grown by those people who are dry and restrained in emotions, but in fact they are very impressionable and vulnerable.
How to care for a cactus at home?
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