Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla Orchid): Home Care
A large number of people do not even realize that such a spice as vanilla, which has a unique sweetish smell, is nothing more than vanilla orchid seeds. The genus of Vanilla orchids is quite extensive and it unites about 100 species of various plants, while only 2 species produce the same vanilla. This plant comes from Central America, but it is grown in a huge number of countries and not only for spice, but also as a beautiful flower.
In indoor conditions of this genus, the orchid does not bear fruit, but at the same time it blooms superbly. So, her delicate flowers can be painted in yellow, snow-white or light green. The flower keeps on the plant for only 1 day. But despite this, flowering can last several weeks, since a lot of flowers are formed. During flowering, such a plant emits a very delicate aroma and this is a kind of reward to the gardener for careful care. The vanilla orchid has a clear difference from other representatives of the orchid family, as it is a vine and, under natural living conditions, grows up to 30 meters in length. However, such a plant has common features with most orchids, namely, it has many aerial roots, as well as dense leaves of dark green color.
When grown indoors, such a vine does not grow much, and do not forget that, if necessary, you can carry out systematic pruning. The pruning has a positive effect on the condition of this plant.So, it is rejuvenated and intensive growth of lateral shoots is activated in it. As a result, the instance becomes more magnificent and spectacular.
This is a fairly fast-growing plant that needs reliable support, for the manufacture of which it is recommended to use coconut fiber. If you take care of a very small shank, then already in the third year of its life, it becomes a full-fledged plant, able to delight others with its flowers. Over 12 months, such a plant grows on average by 50-100 centimeters in length, but do not forget that pruning will help to control the rapid growth of this vine.
Vanilla orchid care at home
To grow this kind of orchid is not so difficult as it may seem. The main thing is to remember that for the normal development and growth of a “vanilla orchid” special conditions are needed in the room, which are very similar to those that are present in the natural habitat of such a vine. And it grows in a tropical forest, where it is almost always warm and damp.
The orchid will feel best of all at a temperature of 25 to 30 degrees, and throughout the year. It is worth remembering that the minimum allowable temperature in the room where the plant is located is 18–20 degrees.
Needs a fairly high humidity, which should be kept at around 80-90 percent. To do this, vanilla must be systematically watered, and also very often moistened from a sprayer. Use for this you need soft lukewarm water.The frequency of watering and humidification depends on the temperature in the room. So, the cooler the room, the less often these procedures are performed and vice versa. At the same time, it is worth remembering that substrate drying can not be allowed. Experts advise such a plant to regularly shower under running slightly warm water, and its leaves should be handled with extreme care.
This is a photophilous plant, but only scattered light is needed. The same applies to most other genera of orchids, which is certainly worth knowing to an inexperienced orchidist. So, many gardeners have the opinion that orchid plants prefer shaded places, but it is precisely this insufficient amount of light that becomes a frequent cause of lack of flowering. Vanilla needs bright, but diffuse lighting throughout the day.
For the cultivation of this vine, an earth mixture is used, which differs somewhat in composition from that used for planting epiphytic plants. So, to create this kind of earth mix, it is necessary to combine the bark of coniferous tree, the roots of fern, moss sphagnum, charcoal, as well as add previously disinfected garden soil. Ready mix should be air and water permeable, as well as loose and light.
Transplantation is carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years. This procedure is necessary for the plant whose roots ceased to fit in the container. It is worth remembering that the growth of this orchid because of this can become slower.Experts advise replanting the plant in the spring. To do this, you need to carefully pull it out of the old pot, while very carefully handling the roots so as not to damage them. In the event that some roots still broke, they should be sprinkled with chopped charcoal to prevent the formation of rot.
As a rule, propagated by cuttings. The rooting of cuttings most quickly occurs with 1 or a large number of aerial roots. In addition, in order for rooting to occur faster, root formation stimulants, for example, heteroauxin, can be used. After the liana is planted in the soil mixture, it must be covered from above with a cap from a plastic bag. Do not forget to systematically ventilate the plant and remember that at this time the substrate should be slightly moist all the time. After the liana begins to grow again, the package must be removed completely.
Such an orchid will generously reward the grower for his efforts with lovely flowers that have a very pleasant aroma.
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