Iresine - home care, photo species, reproduction
Plant tires (Iresine) is directly related to the amaranth family. In nature, they can be found in Australia, America, as well as on islands such as the Antilles and Galapagos.
Iresine is represented by shrubs, herbaceous plants, and trees that have climbing branches. Oppositely located leaflets are round or elliptical, less commonly, lanceolate-wide. On the even edge of the sheet are small teeth. Inflorescence capitate, outwardly similar to an ear.
Especially popular among gardeners are species such as liren Iresinus and Herbst Iresinus. These species are valued for their decorative leaflets, which have a spectacular color. Often, such plants are used during planting, and they are also planted on lawns along borders.
Care for rubber tires at home
It is not recommended to place it only on a window of northern orientation, on the others it is possible. Such a flower is quite photophilous and prefers bright lighting. But it should be borne in mind that if it is located on the window of the southern orientation, then in the afternoon it is necessary to make the lighting scattered, otherwise burns may appear on the surface of the leaves. To direct sunlight, rubber tires are taught gradually. If the plant is placed under fluorescent lamps, then the daylight should have a duration of about 14 hours.
This plant does not have a special temperature regime.In summer, the plant grows quite normally and develops at a temperature of 15 to 25 degrees, and in winter - from 15 to 20 degrees. Make sure that in winter the temperature in the room is not less than 12 degrees, because otherwise rot will appear on the flower, the foliage will fall, and in the end it will die. If in the summer it is too hot, then the leaves will lose turgor.
How to water
To water such a plant, soft, well-defended (at least 24 hours) water is used. If the tap water is too hard, it is recommended to replace it with rainwater. In spring, summer and autumn, watering is carried out immediately after the top layer of the substrate dries. In winter, watering should be reduced, but remember that it is impossible to allow the soil to completely dry out in a pot. Iresine negatively reacts both to overflow and to drying out the substrate. In the event that in winter the temperature in the room is less than 16 degrees, then watering the flower should be scarce.
It feels quite normal with low humidity in urban apartments. However, moistening the leaves from the sprayer will not be amiss.
Top dressing should be carried out in the spring-summer period 1 time in 7 days. To do this, use organic or mineral fertilizers. In winter, top dressing is carried out less often than 1 time in 4 weeks, while the dose of fertilizer is reduced by 2 times (compared with summer).
An annual pinch is held to increase the splendor of the bush. It is necessary to pinch directly apical shoots.More serious pruning is recommended in the last winter month, as this stimulates spring flower growth well.
If you grow wild tires as an annual, then you can do without transplanting. When growing it as a perennial transplant should be carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years. Suitable soil should be slightly acidic. In order to prepare the mixture, you need to combine peat, turf and deciduous land, as well as sand and peat, which should be taken in a ratio of 2: 4: 4: 1: 1. At the bottom of the tank, do not forget to make a good drainage layer, for which broken bricks or expanded clay are perfect.
Cutting cuttings from mother plants is recommended from the end of the winter to the middle of the spring period. Next, they are planted in the sand. The temperature should be maintained at a level of 17 to 20 degrees, in which case complete rooting will occur after 7-10 days. Rooted cuttings should be planted in separate pots, which must be filled with a soil mixture consisting of turf, leaf and humus soil, as well as sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1. Young plants need a temperature of 19 to 21 degrees. Cuttings are recommended to be taken from young plants that have not yet lost their decorative characteristics.
Pests and diseases
Aphids, whiteflies and spider mites can live on the plant.
A plant is sick, usually due to improper care:
- Plant drops foliage - if this occurs in young specimens, it meansthat they do not have enough light or that trimming was delayed. Leaflet decay in an adult plant is a completely normal process.
- The stems become elongated - poor lighting.
- Foliage falling - if this happens in the summer, then the plant either does not have enough water, or fluid stagnation in the soil.
Iresine (Iresine). Cultivation and care
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The main types
Iresine lindenii (Iresine lindenii)
Such a herbaceous perennial plant is found in nature in the moist forests of the tropical part of Ecuador. The stem is painted dark red and has a height of slightly more than 50 centimeters. On the surface of dark red leaf plates there are many thin veins with a rich raspberry color. The length of such lanceolate-oval leaves reaches 6 centimeters. If the plant is pruned, it begins to branch quite strongly, while young shoots of leaves grow relatively quickly.
Herbst Iresine (Iresine herbstii)
Such a perennial herb in natural conditions is found in the rain forests of tropical Brazil. The stems are red in color and can reach a height of about 40 centimeters. The rounded leaf plates at the top are heart-shaped. Leaflets are painted in dark purple, and saturated red veins are located on their surface. The aureoreticulata variety is distinguished by red shoots and leaf petioles. On green leafy plates are red or golden veins. The variety "wallisi" is a compact rather branched plant with small leaves of a metallic red color.