Pseudorantemum: home care, photo with species, reproduction
Plant like pseudorantemum (Pseuderanthemum) is directly related to the Acanthaceae family. It is represented by herbaceous plants or shrubs. In nature, it can be found in tropical areas of the globe.
Such shrubs are branched and upright, and they also have spectacular leaves that can have a very different shape, for example: narrow-lanceolate, elliptical or obovate. In length, the leaves can reach from 10 to 15 centimeters. Shiny leaves have a textured (sometimes swollen or wrinkled) wax surface. To the touch they are very delicate and quite fragile. The color of the leaf blades can vary from very dark, almost black to green. On their surface there are also spots of various sizes and color shades (violet, purple, etc.). Most often apical inflorescences grow, but axillary ones also occur. Flowers can be painted in pink, white or purple.
Such plants are recommended to be grown in the florarium.
Home care for pseudorantemum
Bright lighting is needed, but it must be diffused. Shading from direct rays of the sun will be required. In winter, such a plant must provide good lighting. In this regard, experts advise to use backlighting with special fluorescent lamps. It is recommended to place such a shrub on the windows of eastern and western orientation. When placed on a south window, shading from direct sunlight is required. If the lighting is poor, the leaf plates will lose their colorful color. If the illumination is too intense, then the leaves of the pseudorantemum will acquire a rich red hue, but it will stop growing and developing itself.
In summer, the plant feels best at a temperature of 22 to 25 degrees. In autumn and winter, the temperature should not drop below 20 degrees. This plant negatively reacts to a sharp change in temperature, and it should also be protected from drafts.
For normal growth and development, increased air humidity is required. In this regard, the plant should be moistened from the sprayer regularly and throughout the year. With a warm wintering, you need to spray the foliage more often, since heating appliances dry the air. To increase humidity, it is also possible to pour expanded clay, pebbles or sphagnum into a wide tray and pour a little water. However, make sure that the bottom of the container does not come into contact with the liquid. For hygiene purposes, the leaves can be wiped with a moistened sponge.
How to water
Watering should be plentiful throughout the year. It is produced as soon as the topsoil dries. As a rule, the substrate in the pot dries out relatively quickly, and that’s all, because the pseudorantemum evaporates a large amount of moisture through the foliage. Make sure that there is no overdrying of the soil, otherwise the plant may drop all the leaves. When water stagnates in the soil, rot may form on the root system.
Top dressing is carried out in spring and summer 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, it is recommended to use fertilizers for indoor plants, in which there is a high content of potassium. This will help coloring the leaves more saturated. In autumn and winter, fertilizers do not need to be applied to the soil.
This is a fast-growing plant, in connection with this, the transplant should be carried out 1 time per year in spring. In the process of transplanting, it is necessary to prune the roots, which also differ in fairly rapid growth. Suitable soil should be light, slightly acidic or neutral. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the tank. The new container should be 2 sizes larger than the old.If the pot is too small, this can cause the death of all the leaves.
In the process of growth, the foliage located below falls off, which is why the lower branches are exposed. To somehow fix this, you need to carry out systematic pruning and pinching of branches. This will get rid of the bare branches, as well as increase the branching of the plant, which will have a beneficial effect on its appearance.
It should be noted that the side shoots can grow exclusively up. To improve the appearance of the bush, experienced gardeners recommend bending twigs to the surface of the soil with a flexible cord, while one end must be tied around the container.
You can propagate as semi-lignified and grassy cuttings.
To root successfully, you will need a mini greenhouse. Soil temperature should be constantly maintained at about 25 degrees. Until the moment when the roots appear and it begins to grow, it is strictly forbidden to ventilate the greenhouse. Stimulating hormones are often used to root.
To root such cuttings, you can take a glass with water. But it must be placed in a very warm place (from 25 to 28 degrees).
Pests and diseases
If watered too abundantly, then rot may form on the roots.
With low air humidity, a spider mite often settles on the plant. And in case of violation of the rules of care, scabies, mealybugs and whiteflies can settle on the pseudorantemum.
- Fly around leaflets - Drying of an earthen coma.
- The tips of the leaves dry - low humidity.
- The tips of the leaf blades dry and brown spots appear on the surface - intense lighting.
- Leaflets turn yellow and die - dry air, stagnation of water in the ground.
The main types
Dark Crimson Pseudorantemum (Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum)
In height, this shrub can reach 120 centimeters. The rather large short-chasel whole-margin leaf plates are oval in shape and reach 7 to 15 centimeters in length and 4 to 10 centimeters in width. They are painted in a reddish-pink color, and yellow or green spots are present on their surface. On the white flowers there are spots of purple.
Varieties such as tricolor and variegatum are available. They gained popularity among flower growers due to their variegated leaves (of various colors).
Pseudoranthemum reticulum (Pseuderanthemum reticulatum)
The height of such a shrub can vary from 50 to 100 centimeters. The length of the short-leaflets is 12–15 centimeters, and they have an oblong pointed shape. Their green wavy surface has a dense network of stripes painted in golden yellow. The diameter of white flowers is approximately 3.5 centimeters. They have short pedicels, and the rim of the corolla is colored red.
Pseudoranthemum notched (Pseuderanthemum sinuatum)
Such a herbaceous plant reaches a height of half a meter. The length of the sheet plates is 12-15 centimeters, and the width is 2 centimeters. They are narrow-lanceolate and notched at the edges. The front side of the leaf plates is painted in a greenish-olive color, and the wrong side is light red. On the surface of white flowers there are reddish-purple spots.