Pseudoerantemum - home care, transplantation and reproduction
Plant like pseudo-erantemum belongs to the genus of flowering perennials of the acanthus family. This genus unites 120 species of various plants, among which there are both shrubs and shrubs, and herbaceous plants. They are found in tropical areas of the globe.
At home, only one species is grown, called dark crimson pseudorantemum (Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum). In nature, it can be met in Polynesia. This shrub grows to 120 centimeters in height. Its lateral stems stretch upwards, and on them there are oppositely located short-leaved leaflets having a large size and an elliptical or wide egg shape. The surface of the leaves is slightly tuberous, and has a pronounced venation. Their edges are slightly wavy. In adult specimens, the length of the leaflet is 15 centimeters, and the width is 10 centimeters. They are painted in an unusual pink-green color, and green-silver spots are also located on their surface.
Small-sized tubular pink and white flowers are collected in loose inflorescences, spike-shaped and located at the ends of the stems. It blooms for a very long time, but it should be noted that when grown at home, flowering is a rare occurrence. In this regard, pseudo-erantemum is grown as a decorative foliage plant.
Home care for pseudo-erantemum
This plant is not so easy to grow indoors, as it is very demanding in care and moody. As a rule, florariums or “tropical windows” are used for its cultivation. If this is not possible, then in this case, you need to study the following rules of care.
Prefers bright, but at the same time diffused light. It is recommended to place it near the windows of eastern or western orientation. You can also put a plant near the south window, however, you will need to shade it from direct sunlight.
In autumn and winter, he needs the same good lighting as in summer. For illumination, special phytolamps are used, and the daylight hours of a pseudo-erantemum should last 12-14 hours.
If there is little light, the leaves will become faded and the spots will disappear. If the lighting is too intense, the leaves will become very red, and the growth and development of the plant itself will stop.
At any time of the year, the flower requires an equally moderate temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. If it is colder, the plant will discard the foliage. When the temperature drops to 15 degrees or lower, it may die at all.
It reacts extremely negatively to a sharp change in temperature and drafts. In winter, you should not place a pseudo-erantemum near heating devices, but ventilate the room at this time with extreme caution.
How to water
This plant actively evaporates the moisture that it takes from the soil, in connection with this, watering should be frequent and plentiful.It is produced as the top layer of the substrate dries. For this purpose, exclusively distilled and soft water is used, in which there is no chlorine.
Water the flower carefully. So, a very small overdry of the soil can provoke a drop of leaves, and overflow will lead to the appearance of rot on the root system.
High humidity is needed, especially in winter, when the air is overdried by heating devices. To increase humidity, pour a little pebble or expanded clay into the pan, and then pour water. Also, you need to moisten the leaves from the sprayer at least 2 times a day, using soft, filtered or boiled water for this.
Adult plants lose their decorative effect, because the leaves on the lower shoots fly around and the branches become bare. In order to maintain the spectacular appearance of the pseudo-erantemum, it is necessary to regularly pinch the tops of the stems, which will form a more branched and fluffy crown.
You can also improve the decorativeness of the plant by changing the direction of erect shoots. To do this, you will need a lace. It is tied to a branch and bent down, and then the cord must be fixed. It can be removed only after the branch itself is fixed in the position you have chosen.
Suitable soil should be light, rich in humus, slightly acidic or neutral. To create a soil mixture, you need to combine sheet, peat and turf soil, as well as humus, which should be taken in equal shares, and then pour a little vermiculite or coarse sand. Do not forget about a good drainage layer.
It is necessary to feed the plant relatively rarely, namely, 1 time in 4 weeks in the spring-summer period. For feeding, it is best to use fertilizers with a high content of potassium, because it gives the color of the foliage a saturation. Try to apply as little nitrogen as possible to the soil, because with an excess of it, the leaves may become monophonic.
In the autumn-winter period, fertilizers are not applied to the soil.
This shrub grows very quickly and in a year another pot for it becomes very cramped. And this can trigger a drop of foliage. In this regard, the transplant should be annual. In this case, a pot of a larger diameter is taken than the previous one, and the root system should be slightly trimmed.
Pseudo-erantemum can be propagated quite simply and quickly by cuttings. To do this, cut off the top of a non-lignified shoot and root it in a simple glass with water or a soil mixture.
Pests and diseases
Scabies, worms, spider mites and whiteflies can settle. If pests are found, the plant needs to have a hot shower, and then treat it with a special chemical agent.