Abelia - home care, transplantation and reproduction
An evergreen plant like abelia (Abelia) is represented as a shrub. Moreover, these deciduous bushes are not very high. It belongs to the Linnaeaceae family. In the wild, abelia can be found in Mexico and Southeast Asia. This genus was named after Clark Abel, an Englishman who worked in China in the 19th century.
This flowering shrub has dark green foliage. These shiny leaves are opposite and have short petioles. Fragrant flowers with a funnel or bell shape are located on the apical as well as axillary peduncles. The oblong shape of the flower consists of petals, the edges of which are slightly bent. They come in light pink or white. In leathery small fruits that have a curved or oblong shape, there is 1 seed.
This flower is often grown in greenhouses or decorate spacious rooms with it.
Abelia care at home
This plant needs a lot of light, but it needs a good shade from the direct rays of the sun.
In spring and summer, Abelia feels great at ordinary room temperature. In winter, it must be placed in a cool room (within 10-15 degrees). With a sharp drop in temperature, foliage may fall.
This plant does not like drafts, therefore, when ventilating the room, it is recommended to transfer it to another room or to protect it from streams of cold air.
You can moisten a plant from a sprayer only in hot summer days and not overdo it, as it can easily rot. In winter, hydration is not required.
How to water
In spring and summer, the plant needs abundant watering. With the onset of the autumn period, water less, and winter watering should be sparse, but make sure that the earthen lump does not dry out completely.
1 time in 2 weeks you need to feed the plant with liquid flower fertilizer and only in the spring-summer period. In the autumn-winter time, top dressing is stopped.
When grown indoors, this shrub requires fairly strong pruning in order to provide tillering to the plant. It is carried out at the end of flowering. If Abelia grows in open ground, then you do not need to cut it. From time to time it is necessary to remove only damaged, dried and poorly located branches. Hedgerows consisting of evergreen species are pruned at the end of flowering. And deciduous species are pruned in February or March.
How to transplant
Transplantation is carried out as necessary in the spring. To do this, make a serpent by mixing humus, turf and peat land, as well as sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1. The acidity of the earth should be approximately equal to pH 5.5–6.
Abelia propagates by cuttings, seeds, or basal shoots.
Sowing seeds produced in January. Seedlings are growing rapidly, and the flowering of young plants can occur in the same year.
By shoots and stem cuttings that remain after pruning, the plant can be propagated in spring. For quick rooting of cuttings, it is recommended to use light soil such as: peat, sand or perlite. They are placed in heat (20-25 degrees). Cuttings quickly become lush bushes and begin to bloom that summer.
Every year a basal shoot is formed and absolutely any sprout can become a separate shrub.
Pests and diseases
Often aphids settle on abelia, causing significant damage to the plant. Sugar secretions form on the surface of the leaves, and then black develops on them. And also thrips and spider mites can settle on this shrub.
Abelia - shrub of the lily family
Watch this video on YouTube
The main types
Abelia grandiflora (Abelia x grandiflora)
This hybrid shrub is semi-evergreen (depending on humidity and temperature). When grown at home, abelia of this most common species has long, thin, drooping shoots. It is noteworthy that while the plant is young its shoots have a light pink tint. Oppositely located small leaves, have an oblong shape, pointed up. These shiny leaves are dark green. Fragrant, large enough axillary flowers are five-lobed, fused. Collected in inflorescence brush flowers are painted white. Flowering is very long and plentiful.
The most popular varieties:
- Francis Mason is not a very tall shrub with golden leaves.
- Edward Goucher - has red-purple leaves, up to 2 centimeters in length.
Abelia chinensis (Abelia chinensis)
This rather tall (up to 2 m.) Semi-evergreen shrub has many wilting and very elegant shoots. Its dark green leaves have an oval-pointed shape. And its bell-shaped flowers are painted white with small red dashes.
Abelia floriferous (Abelia floribunda)
This shrub, which is evergreen, has pubescent light red stems, as well as shiny dark green leaves that are quite wide. Pretty long (up to 4 centimeters), fragrant bright pink flowers have a funnel shape. This abelia begins to bloom in May or June. Flowering lasts several months in a row.
Abelia Schumann (Abelia shumannii)
This delicate shrub is deciduous. Its oval leaves are painted dark green. His flowers are lilac-pink, and flowering lasts from June to September.
Abelia triflora (Abelia triflora)
This deciduous and fairly stable shrub sometimes has the size of a small tree. Its lanceolate leaves are painted dark green. Flowering begins in June. The flowers have a pale pink color.