Heyrantus (Lakfiol): planting and care in the open ground, growing from seeds
The flowering herbaceous plant Cheiranthus can be annual, biennial and perennial, and it belongs to the family Cruciferous. It is also called jaundice, lacfiol, or wallflower. Not so long ago, this plant was very popular among gardeners. But today it is not so widespread.
Jaundice is able to decorate any flower bed. Its flowers are usually painted in warm yellow shades. That is why such a flower is popularly called the "yellow left-handed."
The homeland of such a plant is considered to be the Mediterranean. However, it can also be met on the territory of the Crimea and the Caucasus Peninsula.
Features of Heyrantus
On the surface of thin weakly branching upright shoots there is a slight pubescence. The bush in height can reach 0.4–1 meter. The entire surface of the stems is covered with dense, oppositely foliage, having an oblong shape. It is painted in a bluish-green tint.
Large brushes consist of flowers, whose four-petalled corollas in diameter can reach from 20 to 25 mm. They can be painted in a variety of shades of yellow. In addition, there are cheyrantuses with raspberry, orange and dark red flowers. Inflorescences have a very pleasant smell.
When the bushes bloom, in place of the flowers, fruits are formed, which are pods. Inside, there are brownish small seeds (approximately 500 seeds per gram).
Most varieties of jaundice bloom in recent summer weeks. However, there are also such varieties that bloom from April to May.
Growing a cheyrantus in your garden is quite simple. It will be enough to follow simple agricultural rules, as well as provide the flower with timely minimal care.
Beautiful flowers blooming this summer Meet - KHEIRANTUS OR LAFFIOL
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Seeding for seedlings
Heyrantus seeds are sown for seedlings at the very beginning of the spring period. At the same time, grown seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the garden after about 2 months.
You will need a special seedling box or a wide container. To fill it, use a light soil mixture saturated with nutrients. Since the seeds are very small, it is recommended to combine them with sand before sowing. In this case, you will be able to sow them more evenly. Pour the crops with a spray gun, while at the top they are covered with a transparent film or glass. Rearrange them in a cool (16 to 18 degrees) place with diffused lighting. Do not forget to arrange ventilation every day for crops, and also, if necessary, water them from the sprayer. After the first seedlings appear, the film is removed.
Picking seedlings into individual small pots is carried out after she has formed 2 real leaf plates. Seedlings are replanted into the garden only after the earth and air have warmed up well (approximately since mid-May).
Through seedlings, it is recommended to grow only annuals, while biennial varieties and species are recommended to be sown immediately in the garden.
Sowing in the open ground
In open ground, biennial seeds are sown in May. Level the surface of the pre-excavated area and evenly distribute the seed over it. It should be repaired in the soil with a rake, and then the crops are moistened from a watering can. Appeared seedlings need thinning, while the extra bushes can be transplanted to another place.
In regions with frosty winters in August, it is recommended to dig up a cheyrantus and plant it in a pot, which is transferred to the room. This flower is able to withstand frosts to minus 18 degrees, while adult bushes are more cold-resistant.
In regions with a warm and mild climate, jaundice is often sown before winter. And also in such regions, it propagates very well by self-seeding.
Heyrantus planting in the open ground
Choosing the right site
For the cultivation of cheyrantus, it is recommended to choose well-lit areas that have reliable protection from strong winds and drafts. Flooding and lowland areas are not suitable for landing. If, on the selected site, the groundwater lies very close to the soil surface, then a high bed should be built to plant the jaundice. Also, for planting such a plant, it is extremely undesirable to choose the areas where cultures belonging to the Cruciferous family were previously grown.
The soil on the site should be fertile, it must pass water and air well, and also have an alkaline or neutral reaction. When about 15 days are left before sowing or planting seedlings of heyrantus, digging the soil to the depth of the bayonet of the shovel should be carried out, while organic matter (humus or compost) is introduced into it.
Seedlings are planted in pre-prepared planting pits. Moreover, their value should correspond to the size of the root system. Plant a seedling in a hole and cover it with earth. At the same time, make sure that the root neck is at the same level with the soil surface. The distance between adjacent bushes can vary from 20 to 30 centimeters. Planted plants must be watered.
Heyrantus should be watered systematically and in moderation. At the same time, remember that such a culture tolerates short drought much easier than stagnation of fluid in the roots. It is recommended to moisten the soil only when its top layer is completely dry. Do not forget to systematically loosen the surface of the site and remove weed grass.
For more magnificent flowering, bushes must be fed in a timely manner. First of all, fertilizers are applied directly to the ground during the preparation of the site for the planting of the jaundice. After about half a month has passed after the seedlings have been planted in open ground, they are first fed. Perennial species and varieties feed at the very beginning of the spring period. Also, the bushes need additional nutrition during the formation of buds. Organic fertilizers and mineral complexes are suitable for feeding cheyrantus.
Pruning and pinching
In order for the bush to be more magnificent and branch well, he regularly nips the top of the shoots. In order for the new buds to form as soon as possible, do not forget to remove in time the inflorescences that began to fade. If you cultivate a heyrantus as a perennial plant, then in the springtime all dead stems are cut off from it.
In mid-latitudes, it is recommended that the plant be covered with a thick layer of mulch (flying foliage) for the winter. Remember that the bush can withstand a short-term decrease in air temperature to minus 18 degrees. If the frost is more severe, then this will lead to the death of the flower.
Diseases and Pests
Most dangerous for cheyrantus are diseases such as:
- White rust or white rot. At the affected bush, foliage and shoots are damaged, and it loses its decorative effect. Cut out all the affected parts of the plant and spray the bush with a fungicidal solution.
- Kila. It damages the underground part of the bush, or rather, its roots. In order to prevent, during the preparation of the site for planting, the soil must be lime. Also, do not allow fluid to stagnate in the soil or add too much nitrogen to it.
An earthen flea, which is also called cruciferous, can settle on the jaundice. You can get rid of pests with the help of insecticides.
Heyrantus in landscape design
Most often, cheyrantus is used for group planting in a flower bed. Beautiful inflorescences of warm colors look very impressive, while raising the spirits.
Such flowers also look great in mixborders, rocky kindergartens, discounts and rock gardens. To plant low-growing varieties of cheyrantus, baskets, containers or flower pots are often chosen. They can be decorated with a balcony, porch or gazebo.
When growing jaundice on a flower bed, it is recommended to plant heliopsis, tulips, linaria, Wittrock violets, poppies, alliums, daffodils, soap dish, forget-me-not or Iberisa next to it.
Inflorescences of the jaundice smell very nice. At the same time, their smell is very similar to the aroma of lilac or matiola night violet. The plant is often used in the formation of flower arrangements. It is even grown commercially for cutting.
Types and varieties of lacfoli with a photo
Heyrantus alpine (Cheiranthus alpinus)
The bush reaches a height of about 0.4 meters. Its shoots are decorated with lush dark green foliage, while the flowers have a yellow color.
Plant height can reach up to 60 centimeters. Flowers can be painted in various shades, namely: pale brown, purple, golden or dusty red.
This plant is a hybrid. Its large inflorescences have a bright yellow color.
The length of the graceful shoots is about 0.8 m. The inflorescences differ in a yellowish tint.
The most popular varieties among gardeners:
- Bedder. This is a series of hybrids, the height of which varies from 0.3 to 0.4 m. Simple inflorescences can be painted in orange, yellow or red.
- Zwerg. Such undersized hybrids are decorated with three-color inflorescences. There is a variety of ZwergBusch: double flowers.
- Prince. Simple inflorescences can be painted in 5 different colors.
- Goldkonig. A powerful stalk reaches a height of about half a meter. The bush is decorated with inflorescences consisting of golden flowers.
- GoliathTreib. Dark brown plain flowers adorn the tall shoot.
- Linnaeus. The height of the plant is about 0.5 meters. Simple flowers are cream colored.
- Fire king. During flowering, scarlet inflorescences form on medium-sized bushes.
- The Snow Queen. This is a variety mixture, which includes only undersized varieties. They are characterized by high frost resistance.
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