Ophiopogon - home care, transplantation and reproduction
Ophiopogon or as it is also called lily of the valley (Ophiopogon) - a grassy evergreen plant that is directly related to the family of lily (Liliaceae). It is found in nature in Southeast Asia.
This plant is not very tall and has a thickened short rhizome, which is intertwined with fibrous roots with roots. Basal, linear, thin leaves are collected in bunches that form a lush turf. Inflorescences is a brush in the form of an ear. The flowers have short pedicels, and in the bunch there are from 3 to 8 pieces. The perianth has fused from below, resulting in a short tube. Fruits are presented in the form of blue berries. Has berry-shaped seeds of a round shape.
Ophiopogon care at home
This plant feels quite well both in a place with a lot of light, and in a shaded one. It can grow in direct sunlight on the windowsill. And also the office can be delivered in the back of the room.
In the spring-summer period it needs heat (from 20 to 25 degrees), but in winter it needs to be moved to a cool place (from 5 to 10 degrees).
Prefers high humidity. Frequent spraying is recommended, especially if the plant is warm in winter.
How to water
Watering should be such that the substrate is constantly moist, but not wet.So, in warm time, it should be plentiful, but you should not overmoisten the soil. In winter, much less watering, especially if the wintering is cold, but make sure that the substrate does not dry out completely.
This plant needs to be fertilized only in the warm season 1 or 2 times a month. To do this, use organic and mineral fertilizers. In the autumn-winter period, fertilizers are not applied to the soil.
The transplant is carried out in the spring. While the young ophiopogon is transplanted him once a year, an adult plant - once every 3 or 4 years. The soil should be loose. To do this, connect the turf and sheet land with sand, taken in equal shares.
The fastest and easiest way to propagate this plant is division. To do this, the overgrown bush should be divided into parts with a sharp knife. Each split must have roots and several shoots. They are planted in different pots.
Sowing seeds produced in the spring. To do this, use loose soil. Germination requires heat.
Pests and diseases
Virtually unaffected by disease and pests.
The main types
Ophiopogon jaburan (Ophiopogon jaburan)
This herbaceous perennial is rhizome. In height, it can reach from 10 to 80 centimeters. A dense leaf rosette consists of long narrow leaves. Leathery, ribbon-like leaves have a blunt end, they are basal and can reach 80 centimeters in length and 1 centimeter in width. There is a torn straight peduncle. Cystic inflorescence in length can reach 15 centimeters.Small light lilac or whitish flowers are very similar in appearance to lily of the valley inflorescences. Fruits are presented in the form of violet-blue berries.
There are many varieties that differ in the color of foliage and flowers:
- “Variegatum” - this variety has broad and narrow stripes of white-silver color on the foliage.
- "Aureivariegatum" - very long leaves with a yellowish wide border.
Ophiopogon Japanese (Ophiopogon japonicus)
This herbaceous plant is a perennial and has a rhizome, which consists of short nodes with fibrous roots. Leaflets directed upward are stiff and narrow. Peduncle has a shorter length than the leaves. A loose inflorescence in length is from 5 to 7 centimeters. Bunches consisting of 2 or 3 flowers, small, drooping. They have a bright color lilac or pink. The fruits are presented in the form of black and blue berries.
Ophiopogon planar (Ophiopogon planiscapus)
This rhizome bushy plant is a perennial. Curved belt-shaped leaflets of this species have a greater width than others. They are painted in a very dark green color, which looks more like black, and reaches a length of 10–35 centimeters. Drooping peduncles have racemose inflorescences. The bell-shaped flowers of a rather large size are pink or white. Fleshy fruits are presented in the form of spherical black and blue berries. The plant bears fruit quite abundantly.
This species has a very interesting variety called "Nigrescens". Her leaves are painted in dark green, almost black, and have a spectacular purple tint. The flowers are whitish cream. Absolutely black fruits.