Sinadenium: how to care at home, methods of reproduction
Kind synadenium (Synadenium) is directly related to the family Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae). This genus unites approximately 20 species of plants, which are represented by succulent trees, as well as shrubs. In nature, they can be found in almost all subtropical and tropical areas. But despite the large number of species, only one is grown at home - Grant's synadenium (Synadenium grantii).
This shrub is very tall. So, in natural conditions, in height, it can reach more than 3.5 meters. His homeland is the arid region of South Africa. On the surface of its fleshy, juicy shoots of green color, a pale gray bark gradually forms. Regularly located, short-leaved leaflets have an obovate shape and are smoothly edged. On the pale green leaves are clearly visible veins of dark green color, forming a branched tree-like pattern. The length of the sheet plate is 15 centimeters and the width is 6 centimeters.
During flowering, thick, short peduncles appear from the upper sinuses of the leaves, which are not flowering. They have the shape of an umbrella and carry small closed red flowers that are similar to inverted hats, with protruding tufts of stamens - “feathers”. After the plant fades, it appears fruits of the same small size, which are 3-segment boxes with burgundy seeds.
Home care for synadenium
It is very simple to grow such a plant in an apartment environment, since it is not very demanding in care. However, when grown indoors, the synadenium does not bloom.
Such a flower needs bright, but with this necessarily diffused lighting. To place it, it is best to choose a western or eastern window.
If there is little light, the stems will become elongated, and the flower will lose its spectacular appearance. With intense lighting, especially with direct sunlight, burns appear on the surface of the sheet plates - spots of brown color.
This is a rather thermophilic plant that needs a temperature in the range of 23–26 degrees in the spring-summer period.
In winter, the synadenium needs coolness. But it’s worth considering that there should not be less than 10 degrees in the room. Otherwise, the flower may discard all foliage.
Do not forget that the warmer it is in the room where the plant is, the more light it will need. In that case, if in winter the temperature regime is similar to summer, then the lighting intensity should be the same. For this purpose, illumination with special phytolamps will be needed. If you do not provide illumination, then the internodes of the flower will become elongated, and part of the foliage will also fall, and this will negatively affect its appearance.
How to water
Such a plant in natural conditions is in a semi-arid environment, in this regard, watering is carried out very carefully. So, it is recommended to water the plant only after the top layer of the substrate dries in depth by 1 or 2 centimeters. Be sure to pour excess liquid into the pan after watering. If water stagnates in the soil, this can provoke the appearance of root and stem rot.
However, it is impossible to overdry the substrate. Otherwise, part of the leaves may fall off the bush.
With a cool wintering, watering the synadenium should be less. But in this case, it is worth paying attention to the drying rate of the substrate.
They need to be watered with soft water at room temperature, which should well stand before this.
Such a plant does not require high humidity, as it is familiar with fairly dry air.However, for hygiene purposes, he is advised to systematically arrange a warm shower.
Such a flower grows rather quickly, and it can significantly increase the amount of green mass. So, over 12 months, its growth may be more than 25 centimeters. To hold back growth, systematic shaping clippings will be needed. They will also help make the crown more magnificent thanks to the growth of a large number of side shoots.
Suitable soil should be light, neutral in acidity and nutrient rich. To prepare the soil mix, you will need to combine peat, sod and humus soil, as well as small brick chips and coarse sand, which should be taken in equal proportions. In order to prevent the appearance of rot on the root system, a small amount of crushed charcoal should be poured into the substrate, and at the bottom of the pot, when planting, make a good drainage layer from broken shards (from clay) or use expanded clay.
Also, for planting, you can take a ready-made soil mixture, which is sold in flower shops. However, experienced flower growers are advised to pour in such baking powder as coarse sand and small brick chips.
Young specimens require an annual transplant in spring. In this case, the new pot should be larger than the previous one. An adult plant is transplanted less often, as a rule, once every 3 years.
It can be easily propagated in March or April stem cuttings. The cuttings are cut from the top of the stem, and there must be 3 internodes on it. The shank for a while should be immersed in a container of lukewarm water in order to stop milky juice. The dried stalk must be planted in a mixture of sand and peat. Be sure to cover it with a transparent cap. Water is also suitable for rooting.
Propagating by seeds is much more difficult. Sowing is done in spring in sand mixed with earth. They put in a well-lit place where the temperature should be kept at around 18 degrees. Before sowing seeds, you need to study the instructions on the packaging or available in the literature.
Rooting of the apical stem of a houseplant of synadenium in water and planting in the ground
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Diseases and pests
It is resistant to pests and diseases. However, the plant may become ill due to violations of the rules of care. So, due to too low temperatures or fluid stagnation in the substrate, all the leaves may fall and root rot develop. It is also possible that some of the leaves fall off when the light intensity changes (if the flower is moved to a darker place) or when the pot rotates relative to the light source.
Attention! Sinadenium is a highly toxic plant. If its milky juice enters the stomach, it will cause serious poisoning, and in some cases death. If it enters the surface of the skin, it causes an allergic reaction and irritation. Therefore, work with such a flower should only be in rubberized gloves.
The synadenium. [Hope and Peace]
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