Brassia (spider orchid) - home care
Plant like brassia (Brassia) is a perennial and belongs to the family orchid. In the wild, such an orchid can be found in tropical America, and it prefers to grow in moist forests. In this genus, there are almost 30 species that are very similar to each other.
This orchid differs from others in that it has extremely unusual flowers, because of which it is also called the “spider orchid”. They are painted yellow in various shades, and convex brownish specks are located on their surface. You can also find species with almost brown flowers with green-yellow spots. In length reaching 15 centimeters of sepals, have an elongated shape. As a rule, in an inflorescence, there are from 6 to 8 flowers, and in some cases more. Outwardly, this inflorescence is very similar to the centipede insect.
One-membered pseudobulbs of this flower are thick and most often hide under leaflets. Belt-like-lanceolate leaves are fan-shaped. After the end of development, the pseudobulb dies, and another one is formed and grows near its base.
This flower has many advantages. So, it is unpretentious, grows well and develops in room conditions, and its flowering lasts all year. Often in stores Brassia verrucosa is sold, the fact is that it is the most undemanding in care. To grow such a plant is so simple that even an inexperienced grower can cope with it.
Flowers of such an orchid are very fragrant, and its aroma is more than specific and similar to the smell of vanilla.A large number of flower growers consider this fragrance to be very pleasant, but others do not like it, which is often debated between them in flower forums. Flower shops most often offer brassia hybrids, which differ not only in appearance, but they also have different aromas.
Spider Orchid Care at Home
This plant is very fond of bright light, but it must be diffused. Such an orchid is recommended to be placed on the windowsills of windows located in the eastern or western part of the room. If the brassia is placed on the south window, then it will need a little shading. In the northern part of the room, it can only be set in the summer, as in the cold season it will not have enough light, and therefore it will not bloom. Also in winter, the plant needs backlighting, because it needs daylight hours lasting at least 10 hours.
The flower feels best at a temperature of 23-25 degrees. But at the same time, and at ordinary room temperature, it grows well and blooms. It can even be grown in a fairly cool room (15 degrees). To stimulate flowering, brassia need a difference in day and night temperatures, and the difference between them should be approximately 5-6 degrees. Also, experts advise that, during the maturation of new bulbs (the beginning of their rounding), reduce the temperature during the day to 17 or 18 degrees, which also helps to stimulate flowering.
It is best in the warm season (from May to September) to transfer the plant to the balcony.There he will surely have enough light, and also this will provide the necessary temperature fluctuation.
In the wild, this flower grows in tropical rainforests. Therefore, in order for the plant to feel good at room conditions, it needs a very high humidity (the higher the better). Low humidity in winter can greatly damage the plant. Place brassia during the autumn-winter period, as far as possible from the heating pipes. It is also recommended to spray the plant as often as possible, and a humidifier can also help.
How to water
In the warm season, it is recommended to water the plant, lowering the flower pot into a bucket filled with water (keep from 20 to 30 minutes). When the pot is pulled out, you must wait until the excess liquid drains. In winter, watering is rarer, but be careful not to wrinkle pseudobulbs.
Florists with experience recommend that you systematically check whether peduncles have formed. After they are discovered, you must not water the brassia for 7 days. The soil in the pot should dry out almost completely. If you continue regular watering, instead of peduncles, new bulbs will begin to grow.
For planting, a special soil mixture for orchids is used. You can make it yourself by mixing sphagnum moss, pine bark and horse peat for this. It is also recommended to add pieces of charcoal, and add more moss.
Brassia does not need regular transplants.This procedure should be carried out only if necessary. So, a plant is transplanted if it no longer fits in a flower pot, and the bulbs at the same time hang over the edge. During transplantation, it should be borne in mind that bulbs grow only from a certain side. Therefore, on the right side, you need to leave more free space. Planting a flower is recommended deeper. There should be free space on top of the pot. The fact is that young bulbs are formed a little higher than old ones, and it will be necessary to fill up the earth.
Fertilize the soil once every 4 weeks in the spring and summer. Use for this fertilizer for orchids and follow the instructions attached to it. Top dressing is carried out with watering or during spraying of leaves. In winter, top dressing is not carried out, especially if the room is low temperature. The flower must be provided with a short rest period.
How to propagate
In that case, if the bush has grown too much, then it is carefully divided. In this case, it is taken into account that each split must have at least 3 pseudobulbs, which must be mature.
Pests and diseases
A spider mite can settle. To remove it, you need to arrange a warm shower for the flower (water temperature is about 45 degrees).
Root rot may appear if there is too much water in the soil, and even the room is quite cool. The foliage becomes yellow and wilts. Then it dies, and the flower itself dies.
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