Badan: planting and care in the open ground, growing from seeds, varieties
The perennial herbaceous plant of frankincense, or bergenia (Bergenia) is a member of the Kamchatka family. In nature, such a plant can be found in the temperate zone from the countries of Central Asia to China and Korea; it prefers to grow on stony soil and in cracked rocks. In culture, this plant appeared in the middle of the 18th century under the name "saxifrage", it was later isolated in a separate genus and it was given the Latin name in honor of Karl August von Bergen, who was a German botanist. The genus Badan unites 10 species, some of which are cultivated by gardeners. In addition, thanks to breeders, several dozen different hybrids and varieties of incense were born.
Short description of growing
- Landing. Sowing the seeds of seedlings of seedlings for seedlings is carried out in boxes in the winter, seedlings dive in the first days of June, and planted seedlings in open soil in early August. If desired, the most powerful seedlings can be planted immediately in the garden at the beginning of June without diving.
- Bloom. Depending on the type, the flowering time may vary, some of them begin to bloom in the last days of April. Flowering time is approximately 6 weeks.
- Illumination. Grown in a slightly shaded place, but an area with bright diffused light is also suitable.
- Priming. Suitable soil should be loose, light, moist and slightly alkaline.
- Watering. In that case, if the season is dry with a small amount of rain, then the first time the flowers are watered during the formation of the buds, then when they bloom and the last time after 15–20 days. In the event that it rains regularly, then you do not need to water the incense.
- Fertilizer. The first feeding is in early spring after the bush is trimmed, the second - 15 days after the incense blooms. For feeding use mineral complex fertilizer in liquid form.
- Breeding. By dividing the bush and seed way.
- Harmful insects. Nematodes and slobbery pennies.
- Diseases. Ramulariosis
- Properties. In such a herbaceous perennial, the rhizome has healing properties. Means made from it are distinguished by hemostatic, antimicrobial, astringent, anti-inflammatory, wound healing and diuretic effects.
Features of Badan
The genus Badan is represented by evergreen herbaceous perennials and annuals. The height of the bushes, the rhizome of which is thick and horizontal, can vary from 6 to 35 centimeters. Large glossy leathery to the touch sheet plates are assembled in a basal rosette; they have long petioles and a dark green color. Dense panicle inflorescences consist of pink, red or white goblet-shaped flowers. Flowering begins in the last spring or first summer weeks. The composition of one inflorescence may include about 120 flowers. The fruit is a box with seeds.
In landscape design, this flower looks great against the background of stones next to narrow-leaved or variegated plants (for example, phlox or hosts).
Unpretentious plants for the Badan garden. Site "Garden World"
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The cultivation of incense from seeds
Sowing the seeds of badiana is carried out in the winter. To do this, fill the box with floral soil mixture, in which they make shallow grooves (about 0.5 cm), the distance between them should be at least three centimeters. Furrows are shed with water, the temperature of which is slightly higher than room temperature, after which seeds are evenly distributed in them and close up. Take the crops to the garden and bury in the snow. They bring a box into the house in the early days of March and put it in a shaded, cool (from 18 to 19 degrees) place.
The first seedlings should appear after about 20 days.Seedlings must be watered in a timely manner as the top layer of the substrate dries, systematically loosen it, and if necessary, thin out the grown plantlets and regularly ventilate the room where the seedlings are located. If a green coating or crust has appeared on the surface of the substrate, then the substrate should be very carefully loosened, because of it, oxygen is very poorly supplied to the root system of plants. And the crust appears as a result of too abundant watering.
A picking of the incense seedlings is carried out in May. To do this, use a larger box, while between the seedlings, a distance of 50 to 70 mm should be observed, and the distance between the rows should be about 15 centimeters.
When about half a month remains before the seedlings are transplanted into the garden, they should be hardened. For this, the seedlings are taken out to fresh air every day, while the duration of such a procedure is increased gradually. As soon as the seedlings can be in the fresh air round the clock, they are transplanted into the garden.
Outdoor plantation of frankincense
What time to plant
Planting and growing incense in your garden plot is relatively simple. The fact is that this culture is unpretentious and frost-resistant. Seedlings are planted in open ground in the first days of August. However, some gardeners believe that seedlings should be planted in the garden at the beginning of summer, while they do not need to be dived. But most often it happens that most of the plants are too weak to grow in open soil. In this regard, only the strongest and most developed bushes can be planted in open ground at the beginning of summer, and the remaining ones will be dived and grown at home until August, and only then they will be transplanted into the garden.
The rhizome in the incense is very weak and is located horizontally. In this regard, for its cultivation, sites with loose, light and moist soil of a slightly alkaline reaction are selected. Often, the rhizome of the plant protrudes from the soil, which can lead to its overheating under direct sunlight. In this regard, a suitable site should be located in a small shade on the northwest, north or northeast side of the garden. If you still choose a sunny area for planting a canoe, then you will need to fill the surface of the soil around the bushes with a layer of mulch, which will help prevent rhizomes from overheating, and also slow down the drying of the soil. When choosing a site, you need to take into account the fact that the plant reacts extremely negatively even to short stagnation of fluid in the root system.
At the selected site, landing pits are made, the depth of which should be from 60 to 80 mm. They are placed in a checkerboard pattern according to the scheme of 40x40 centimeters. A handful of sand is poured onto the bottom of each hole. After that, the plantlets are carefully handled over them; at the same time, they need to be taken together with a lump of earth, fill the pits with soil. The planted plant must be watered.
One must be prepared for the fact that the development of such a plant is extremely slow. The first flowering of bushes grown from seeds will occur only in the third or fourth year.
Badiana thick-leaved: landing in the open ground. How to plant frankincense in spring
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Caring for the incense in the garden
Most often, subject to the rules of agricultural technology, growing frankincense in open soil does not cause any particular trouble to the gardener. In spring, after the snow cover has melted, you need to cut off all the foliage that has been damaged during the winter from the bushes. Also, at this time, pruning of strongly overgrown stems and feeding with complex mineral fertilizers are carried out. Re-feed the plant after half a month after flowering, at which time the growth of new foliage should begin. Kemira-Kombi fertilizer solution (1 tablespoon of water per 1 bucket of water) is suitable for top dressing. For 1 square meter of flowerbed, 5 liters of such a solution are taken.
In order for a flower to grow and develop normally, it must be properly watered.The first time the bushes are watered after the buds begin to form, the second - during flowering, and the third - after 15-20 days, when the plants bloom. However, watering a canopy is necessary only if the season turned out to be arid. If it rains regularly, then the flowers will have enough natural rainfall.
The roots of such a flower from overheating and overdrying in nature protect its lower leaf plates, which eventually die and fly around. But when grown in the garden in order to preserve the decorativeness of the bushes, they began to die off the leaf plates, tear off along with the stalks, and fill the soil surface with a layer of mulch.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Badan can be propagated not only by seeds, but it can also be done by dividing the bush. In an overgrown bush, young rosettes form with their own root system, which is very close to the soil surface. That is why it is very simple to dig and transplant a young outlet without injuring the parent plant. You can only share a healthy, well-developed middle-aged bush with large leafy plates, while the leaf outlet is separated along with the heel. Make sure that each segment of the rhizome has three or more buds. Dividing is carried out after the bushes bloom: in May – August. Only 2 or 3 of the youngest leaf plates should be left on the cut off socket, and all the rest are cut off. Their landing is carried out in pre-prepared landing pits, while they need to be buried in the soil by 30-50 mm, and the distance between the divisions should be from 30 to 40 centimeters. Settled delenki quickly take root. During the first year after transplanting, the rosette grows foliage, and the young bush blooms only for 2 or 3 years of growth.
🌱Luxury Badan! Growing and propagating 🌱
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At the same place, the bush can grow for several decades. Badan does not need frequent transplants. Over time, it can greatly expand in breadth and begin to crowd out other cultures. That is why it is recommended to transplant a flower to a new place once every 5 or 6 years.
The transplant is carried out together with the division of the bush from the beginning to mid-September. During the planting of parts of the bush, the distance between them should be at least 30 centimeters. After transplanting during the first 15 days, the incense needs abundant watering.
Diseases and pests
Badan is very resistant to both pests and diseases. However, with regular stagnation of water in the root system, a flower can infect a fungal disease, namely, ramulariosis. In the affected bushes, brown spots with a pale red border are formed on the front surface, and a faint whitish coating appears on the underside of the foliage. Over time, the affected foliage begins to dry out. The entire diseased foliage is cut off, and the bush is sprayed with a solution of Fundazole or a copper-containing agent, for example, copper chloroxide, Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate.
If the flower is grown on a shaded area, then nematodes or slobbery pennies can settle on it. In order to get rid of pennies, the bushes are sprayed twice with a solution of Actara or Actellik with an interval of 7 days. For processing, choose a dry, dry day, while the air temperature can vary from 21 to 28 degrees (not higher and not lower). Getting rid of the nematode is quite difficult. To begin with, the affected bushes are removed from the ground, and their rhizomes are immersed for 30 minutes in a strong solution of potassium permanganate. Then a plant is transplanted to a new place, and the infected soil on the site must be treated several times with insecticidal preparations. It will be possible to plant anything in this area at least 1 year after the end of the treatments.
Badan after flowering
After flowering, a large number of seeds are formed on the incense bush, the size of which is approximately 0.2 cm.Even during flowering, notice the most spectacular and largest inflorescence, and after the flowers begin to wither, a bag of gauze should be put on it, which will protect the ripened seeds from spilling onto the ground. In September, they begin to collect seed material. To do this, cut off the inflorescence with the bag, stepping a little down from it, and transfer it to a dry, well-ventilated room. After a few weeks, when the inflorescence is completely dry, the seeds are shaken out of it. Purified seed material is removed for storage.
Preparing for the winter
Young bushes, as well as part of the varieties and types of incense are not very resistant to frost. Therefore, in the autumn, such bushes need to be covered with spruce branches or tossed with flying foliage. And those species and varieties that have high frost resistance do not need to be covered for wintering. Please note that dried leaves from the bushes are removed in the spring, not in the fall.
Types and varieties of berry
Below will be described those types and varieties of frankincense that are most popular among gardeners.
Strawberry Badan (Bergenia stracheyi = Bergenia gorbunowii)
Under natural conditions, the species can be found on the wet cliffs of Central Asia, the Himalayas, Afghanistan and China, while the bushes can grow at an altitude of up to 3 thousand meters above sea level. Initially, this species was named in honor of the head of the expedition to the Western Pamir Gorbunov, but later it was renamed. This plant is a living relic. Rough teeth are located on the edge of the oblong-ovoid smooth ciliary leaf plates. The width of the foliage reaches from 30 to 50 mm, and in length - from 80 to 100 mm. Leaves are perfectly preserved under a layer of snow. The flower stalk height is about 0.4 m; a brush consisting of white or pink-lilac flowers with a length of about 1.5 cm is formed at its apex. Flowering is observed in July – August. Popular varieties:
- Gazebo. The height of the miniature bush is about 20 centimeters; it is decorated with foliage, the length of which is from 40 to 60 mm. During flowering, white flowers appear, which eventually turn pink.
- Beethoven. The bush reaches a height of up to 0.4 m, it is decorated with pink peduncles and snow-white flowers (brown cups).
- Alba. This natural form has a white flower color.
Frankincense (Bergenia crassifolia)
Or medicinal badan, or Mongolian tea, or Chagyr tea, or Ranots.
In nature, the species can be found in Altai, Kazakhstan, China, Transbaikalia, Sayan Mountains, Northern Mongolia and Korea. He prefers to grow in cedar forests and on rocky slopes at an altitude of 0.7 to 2.5 thousand meters above sea level. The species is a herbaceous evergreen perennial plant that has a branched and powerful creeping rhizome. The stems are divided into 2 types: flower-bearing leafless (their height during the formation of the fruit is about 0.4 m) and rosette vegetative. Vegetative stems are decorated with large smooth leathery to the touch leaf plates of a rich green color and obovate shape. In the fall they are painted in fiery red. Lush inflorescences consist of bell-shaped flowers, whose length is about 1.2 cm, and they are painted in lilac-pink, white or purple-lilac shade. The beginning of flowering occurs in June, and it lasts about 20-30 days. Medicinal badan is used for skin dressing, and from the last year's dry leaf plates, which are collected in the spring, they prepare very useful tea. The most popular decorative varieties:
- Señor. The height of the plant is about 0.4 m, and the flowers are painted in a mauve.
- Hiderruspe. The variety reaches a height of approximately 0.6 m. The length of the inflorescence is about 0.2 m, it consists of pinkish flowers. The flowering time of this variety is almost 8 weeks.
- Purpurea. A half-meter plant is decorated with reddish-purple flowers, reaching up to 10 mm across.
Heartberry (Bergenia cordifolia)
This plant is an intraspecific variety of thick-leaved frangipani, and in height it reaches about 0.4 m. Rough to the touch rounded leaf plates are painted in a dark green shade. In May, inclined racemose inflorescences appear on the bush, which include bell-shaped flowers of a pale lilac or bright pink color. There are varieties whose inflorescences are painted white or light purple. The variety has been cultivated since 1779.
Hissar Badan (Bergenia hissarica)
This relict rare species is endemic to the Hissar Range. The bush has a very powerful rhizome. Basal rosette blunt leaf plates of oblong-obovate shape bare matte color, the edge of them is densely ciliate. The peduncle reaches a length of about 20 centimeters, it forms a one-sided racemose inflorescence, consisting of 6-8 pale pink or white flowers.
Hybrid incense (Vergenia x hybrida)
This species combines all the available hybrids of incense. The most popular of them:
- Abenglut. The height of the plant is about 0.3 m, its saturated green foliage in autumn is painted in brown-bronze color. The flowers are saturated purple, they can be simple and terry.
- Frau Hall. The inflorescences are snow-white, and the foliage is painted in a swamp color. Leaf petioles, when cold, acquire a deep purple hue.
- Shneekenigin. Half-meter bushes are decorated with round large leafy plates with a wavy edge. On the long purple peduncles large, cup-shaped flowers are formed, at first they are painted white, but eventually acquire a pinkish tint. The variety is grown for cutting.
- Morgen Rothe. The plant blooms during the season 2 times. Its branched racemose inflorescences consist of flowers of saturated pink color.
- Baby Doll. The height of the plant is about 0.3 m. A beautifully shaped pinkish flowers eventually become dark cream.
Gardeners also cultivate such hybrids of incense as: Sieberlicht, Glockkenturm, Bellouli, Bassingham White, Sansheid, Magic Dzhint, Walter Kinley, Sunningdale, Eroika, Pink Dragonflay. And they also grow varieties that were named after the famous composers: Bach, Bizet, Bartok, Borodin, Brahms. Even in culture, you can come across such types of incense, such as: ciliated, Pacific, Schmidt and Ugam.
Properties of Badan: harm and benefits
The healing properties of frankincense
The foliage, rhizome, seeds and flowers have healing properties in the incense. Rhizomes include tannins, resins, starch, polyphenols, and the aerial parts of the bush contain flavonoids, tannins, arbutin, manganese, copper, iron and vitamins.
Badger rhizome in alternative medicine is used in the treatment of cervical erosion and fibroma, enterocolitis and cancer. The plant is used in the treatment of lung diseases, bleeding gums, flu, acute respiratory diseases, dermatosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, articular rheumatism, hemorrhoids, fever and headaches. The funds made on the basis of it can be distinguished by antimicrobial, hemostatic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and wound healing effects. And they contribute to the narrowing of blood vessels, increase heart rate, strengthen the capillary walls and lower blood pressure.
BADAN || Useful properties and application
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If you take funds from a canoe for a very long time, this can cause constipation. Tincture of canoe should not be taken for people with increased blood coagulation. A decoction from the rhizome should not be drunk to hypotensives, since it reduces blood pressure.