What are the varieties of pears? Description and photos of pear varieties
Any gardener wants to grow a fruit tree on his own plot that would give a good harvest. And of course, a garden culture such as a pear is an ideal option for such gardeners. Fragrant, sweet and very tasty fruits, certainly, are pleasant to all. However, pears can be eaten not only fresh, they make delicious jams, compotes, as well as fragrant jam. However, before planting such a fruit tree, you need to find out which kind of pear is best for your garden.
Features of choosing a suitable grade
Today, there are a large number of different varieties of pears. So, some of them are highly resistant to adverse environmental influences, while other varieties need to be planted only in soil that has previously been carefully prepared. All varieties of this plant differ in that they prefer warmth and they need a fairly mild climate. All varieties of pears are divided into 3 types:
In this case, you need to choose a seedling variety depending on when exactly you want the pears to ripen. Those gardeners who have experience in growing pears, prefer to grow in their immediately all three types of pear trees. In this case, you can enjoy fresh juicy fruits throughout the season. Below will be presented varieties of pears with a description.
Summer pear varieties
Fruits from trees of this variety ripen in the last days of July. At the same time, all the pears should be collected from the tree at once, since otherwise they begin to re-rip and rot will form on them. The fruits of this variety have one significant minus, namely, they are stored relatively briefly. Such pears are great for growing for sale, so they can lie for about 2 weeks. However, if you grow pears for your own use, you need to think in advance about where the whole crop will be.
Summer varieties include:
This variety is undemanding in care. For such a plant does not require a special soil composition and certain conditions for growing. It is also undemanding to watering. The pears themselves are small and have a slightly pronounced watery taste. The pulp is watery and very juicy. When choosing a place for a seedling, it is necessary to take into account the fact that this plant grows quite strongly.
This kind of pear is quite popular among gardeners. It is high-yielding, while not very large pears have high taste. Also, this variety is frost-resistant, in this regard, it is recommended to grow it in more severe climatic conditions. But such a pear tree has a drawback - the fruits are not stored for long.
Yellow fragrant pears have juicy flesh. They are eaten not only in raw form, but also canned. Ripening occurs around mid-August. Pears are covered with a thin skin and have a slightly sweet flesh. Such a plant is highly resistant to fungal infections and parasites. It must be systematically watered.
Pears begin to ripen in the first days of July. The fruits are quite large, so, on average, their weight can reach 180 grams, and they are painted in a pale green color. The pulp has a honey smell and a slightly sour taste. Such a plant can be grown even in those regions where there are long droughts, because it is drought tolerant. This variety is high yielding.
Such a variety stands out for being the highest yielding. Pears have a nutmeg taste, and they are painted in a light yellow color and have red sides. The fruits ripen at the end of the summer season. Such a pear tree is ideal for gardeners who do not yet have much experience.The plant is extremely unpretentious and undemanding, it can be grown even in the most adverse conditions, it is highly resistant to harmful insects and scab.
Summer varieties of pear Kudesnitsa, August dew, Oryol summer
Watch this video on YouTube
Autumn varieties of pears
Ripening of such varieties occurs in autumn. Fruits can be stored for a relatively long time, and they have a more dense and juicy pulp. In the event that the fruits are not harvested immediately after ripening, the gardener may be left without a crop. Such pears can be stored for 8 weeks.
Autumn grades include:
This variety has high frost resistance and is high-yielding. Fruits have one peculiarity - they smell nothing. The flesh is slightly juicy, slightly sour.
Harvested ripe fruits take place in September. The tree itself is fast-growing, and its crown is sprawling and large. It is highly resistant to harmful insects and a variety of diseases. Fragrant light yellow pears have a pleasant honey flavor. Duration of storage - about 3 months.
This variety is popular among gardeners. A plant native to southern France. It is characterized by its unpretentiousness and undemanding care, however, such a tree must be systematically fed and pruned. Also, this variety can quickly adapt to new conditions. However, such a plant is very thermophilic, and therefore it is not suitable for cultivation in the northern regions.
Winter pear varieties
The fruits of winter varieties are stored for a very long time. So, in most varieties, they can survive until spring. Pears ripen from the second half of September until the last days of November. Pears in these varieties are recommended to be collected as late as possible.
Popular winter varieties:
This variety is most popular. This plant is frost and drought tolerant and can do without proper nutrition. The pulp is juicy and has a slightly sweet pleasant taste. For plant growth to be good, it must be systematically thinned out.
The variety is popular in a large number of countries. It is highly productive and undemanding in care. It is resistant to harmful insects and fungal infections. The skin of the fetus is thin and the flesh is sweet.
Now that you know the different varieties of pears, you can choose those that are best suited for your garden.
Pear variety for the garden - choose the best
Watch this video on YouTube