Ariocarpus: home care, transplantation and reproduction, species
The ariocarpus plant belongs to the cactus family. It is a succulent, the stem of which is low and slightly flattened, it can be painted in brown or gray. The low stem in diameter can reach 12 centimeters, its surface is covered with papillae, and areoles are already on them. Needles growing from areoles are rudimentary (underdeveloped). In diameter, bell-shaped flowers can reach about 50 mm. They can be painted red, yellow or white. In nature, this plant can be found in southern North America. The genus Ariocarpus unites approximately 10 species.
Ariocarpus care at home
Indoor ariocarpus is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and undemanding care. Thanks to this, even a beginner grower can cultivate it.
Such a plant needs a lot of bright light, which must be diffused. The daylight hours should be at least 12 hours.
In the summer, the cactus grows normally at any temperature. In winter, the temperature must be lowered to 12-15 degrees, however, it should not fall below 8 degrees, otherwise this can lead to the death of the bush.
For the cultivation of an ariocarpus, sandy soil is used, with almost no humus in it. Some cactus growers use large river sand to plant such a plant. In order to prevent the appearance of rot, it is recommended to combine the finished substrate with a small amount of charcoal and brick chips (small pebbles).
It is recommended to grow such a cactus in a clay pot, as it causes less problems with humidity. After planting, it is recommended that the surface of the soil mixture in the pot be covered with small stones.
Watering should be very scarce, since this plant almost does not need them. Water the bush only after the earthen lump in the pot is completely dry. Throughout the rest period, the cactus is not watered. The water used for irrigation should be settled and room temperature. It is poured neatly onto the surface of the substrate, avoiding the ingress of liquid onto the stem. It is impossible to moisten the bush from the spray gun, as this can cause the development of rot.
Ariocarpus is fed 2 times a year and only during the growing season. Experts advise using fertilizer for cacti and succulents for this.
Ariocarpus is transplanted only if necessary, when it becomes very crowded in a pot. However, the transplant must be done carefully, because the root system of this plant is very fragile. During the transplant, the earthen lump in the pot must be completely dry. This procedure is carried out by the method of transshipment, and they try to keep the lump of land on the roots whole.
It is possible to propagate indoor ariocarpus by seed and vaccination. Both this and the other method are distinguished by their complexity, in connection with this, many flower growers prefer to buy a finished plant that is already 2 years old.
Take a small bowl and fill it with light sandy soil mixture, and it should be slightly moist. Sow the seeds and ensure that the surface of the substrate is always wet. Rearrange crops in a warm place (at least 20 degrees). After the appearing seedlings are four months old, they are dived. Then the young bushes are cleaned in a greenhouse. Under such conditions, the bush should grow for about a year and a half, and then it is moved to the windowsill. You need to accustom a cactus to new conditions gradually.
It is necessary to plant an ariocarpus on another cactus, for example, for this you can use Myrtillocactus or Eriocereus usberti.To begin, cut off the material for vaccination, for this use a sharp dry and disinfected tool. The grafted bush is kept in the greenhouse for almost 2 years, where it grows and gets stronger.
Diseases and pests
Ariocarpus is highly resistant to both diseases and pests. An injured escape can recover very quickly. This plant can only suffer from rot, the development of which is facilitated by an improper irrigation regime. The rotten stalk can be cut off, and after some time the bush will be able to recover. When rot appears on the roots, the bush is thrown out, because it can no longer be saved.
Types of ariocarpuses with photos and names
Ariocarpus agave (Ariocarpus agavoides)
The rounded stem has a spherical shape. It is not coated with smooth ribbed skin. The papillae of this species are flattened and thick. If you look at the bush from above, its shape will be more like a star-shaped one. Large flowers are painted dark pink.
Ariocarpus blunt (Ariocarpus retusus)
The stem of this plant is slightly larger when compared with the previous species. The upper part of the stem is covered with felt hairs of brown or white shade. The papillae have a pyramidal shape. During flowering, pink flowers adorn the bush.
Cracked Ariocarpus (Ariocarpus fissuratus)
The stem of this species is very dense and more similar to a stone, which consists of lime. The shoot protrudes quite a bit from the soil, as it is deeply deepened into it. The surface of the part of the stem that protrudes above the ground is covered with hairs, so the bush has a more attractive appearance. This plant can be easily distinguished from a stone when a large flower of pink or purple color is revealed on it.
Ariocarpus flaky (Ariocarpus furfuraceus)
This species is noticeably larger than the rest. The stem in height can reach from 10 to 13 centimeters, and across - up to 20 centimeters and even a little more. The shape of the papillae is triangular. The surface of the shoot is rough, which is reflected in the name of the species. Bell-shaped flowers can be painted in cream or white.
Ariocarpus Kochubey (Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus), or Kotzebue
This type of decorativeness is given by the fact that there are stripes on its stem. On a star-shaped stem during flowering, a lilac flower is revealed.
Ariocarpus bravo (Ariocarpus bravoanus)
The low stem of this species is slow-growing. Not very large flat papillae are painted in a dark shade. On the surface of the upper part of the stem is a whitish felt. On the edges of the papillae are woolly areoles. Not very large flowers are painted bright pink.
Ariocarpus Lloyd (Ariocarpus lloydii)
In this species, the shoot is also round and flat, and it also looks very similar to stone. Flowers can be colored in purple or pink.
Ariocarpus triangular (Ariocarpus trigonus)
The species got its name thanks to the pointed trihedral papillae. In diameter, pale yellow flowers can reach about 50 mm.
Ariocarpus keeled (Ariocarpus scapharostrus)
Also has a flattened stem of green color. On its surface there are very few keeled papillae. In the sinuses there is a white pile, and the flowers are painted in a purple-pink hue.
Ariocarpus blunted - a cactus from the genus Ariocarpus (Ariocarpus retusus)
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