Purslane: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open ground
The Portulaca plant, also called the Dandur, is part of the Portulaca family. In nature, it is found in the Northern Hemisphere, or rather, in areas with a tropical climate. According to data taken from various sources, this genus unites 100-200 species.
Purslane prefers to grow on sandy, moist soil along the shores of various reservoirs, including rivers, and it can also be found in fields, gardens and vegetable gardens. For the genus, the name came from the word "portula", which is translated from Latin as "small gates, gates", this is due to the fact that the seed box of the plant opens, like miniature doors. In middle latitudes, such a flower is called a "rug." Back in the Middle Ages, Purslane was very popular in Europe. However, most often it was grown by the British, while at first they raised it as a garden, rather than a garden culture. Gardeners cultivate only 1 species, namely: large-flowered purslane (Portulaca grandiflora).
Short description of growing
- Landing. Seedlings are sown in April, and grown seedlings are planted in open soil in June.
- Bloom. It begins in June and ends in the middle of the autumn period.
- Illumination. Needs a lot of bright sunlight.
- Priming. It grows well on stony or sandy soil, which should be dry and poor.
- Watering. Systematic. Its abundance depends on weather conditions and can vary from meager to moderate.
- Fertilizer. It does not need top dressing.
- Breeding. The seeds.
- Harmful insects. Aphid.
- Disease. It is highly resistant to disease, but can be affected by a disease caused by the fungus Albugo portulaceae.
- Properties. This medicinal plant has an antiparasitic effect.
In mid-latitudes, Purslane is cultivated by gardeners as an annual, as it is not able to winter in open ground, even under shelter. The height of the bush is not more than 0.3 meters. The root of the flower is branched and spindle-shaped. The brown shoots are juicy and branched, they are decorated with fleshy leaf plates that are hollow inside, their shape may be cylindrical or similar to a flattened egg. During flowering, which is observed in June – September, yellow, white and dark red flowers appear on the bush. The life span of one flower is only 1 day, by the evening it is already fading. However, due to the fact that the flowering is very magnificent, it may seem that it lasts continuously. The fruit is a multi-seeded box of spherical shape. In addition to the garden purslane, which is cultivated in pots, flowerbeds, hanging containers and baskets, in the garden you can often meet a vegetable purslane, or garden purslane, which is considered both a weed grass and a healing, as well as lettuce plant.
Growing purslane from seeds
Most gardeners believe that it is most convenient to grow purslane through seedlings. However, in opinions when it is better to start sowing seeds, gardeners disagree. Someone argues that the sowing of seeds should be done in the last days of February or the first - in March, but in this case the seedlings will need additional illumination. Other equally experienced gardeners are sure that you should not rush, and it is better to sow purslane in April, since at this time the daylight already becomes longer, and young plantlets have enough natural light.
Before proceeding to the direct sowing of purslane, it is necessary to prepare a suitable substrate for this. The fact is that any ready-made soil mixture sold in a specialized store contains peat, which helps to slow the germination of the seeds of this plant.To prepare a suitable substrate, combine garden soil with sand in a ratio of 1: 5. Mix everything well and disinfect the mixture, calcining in the oven. Take a low container, at the bottom of which there are holes for drainage, and put in it a layer of small expanded clay or gravel. Next, a disinfected substrate is poured, which is spilled with melt water (you can take well-settled water). Evenly distribute seeds on the surface of the soil mixture, the distance between which should be about 10 mm, it is very convenient and easy to do this with a moistened toothpick. Seeds are not sprinkled on top with a substrate, but they are only slightly pressed into the soil mixture. Then, a frame is made over the container, on which the film is stretched, as a result you get a mini-greenhouse. It is transferred to such a well-lit place in which the air temperature is not lower than 22 degrees. However, the best purslane emerges at a temperature of about 30 degrees.
PURSLANE. SEASON 2019
Watch this video on YouTube
If everything is done correctly, then the first seedlings will have to appear after 7-15 days, immediately after that the shelter is removed from the container. Further maintenance of seedlings comes down to systematic irrigation through a pan; well-settled water is used for this. If you saw that the seedlings are beginning to actively stretch, this means they lack light. In this case, seedlings are recommended to provide backlighting. To do this, it is illuminated with fluorescent lamps in the morning for a couple of hours, and even artificial light is turned on for several hours in the evening. Also, for illumination, you can use a simple table lamp. If the day turned out to be cloudy, then the lamps do not turn off throughout the day. However, if the sowing will be carried out in April, and the seedlings will be on the window of the southern orientation, then they will not need additional illumination.
After the first pair of true leaf plates is formed on the plants, it will be necessary to pick them. To do this, take small cups, in diameter reaching from 70 to 80 mm, they plant three seedlings at once, and try to keep the earthen lump on the roots. And 7 days after they have fully taken root, they are fed for the first time, using complex mineral fertilizer for this. After this, the bushes are fed regularly 1 time in 1-1.5 weeks until the transplant to a permanent place.
Planting purslane in the open ground
What time to plant
Purslane is planted in open ground around the first half of June, when the threat of freezing frost passes. Doing this before does not make any sense, since if it is colder than 10 degrees outside, then the leaves will start to fly around the bushes.
To plant such a plant, a well-lit and elevated area is chosen. Remember that if you plant such a flower even in a small penumbra, it will not bloom. And in the event that for planting a place will be chosen in a lowland where water stagnation is often observed, or where groundwater is located very close to the surface of the site, then the roots of the bushes can rot, which will lead to the death of purslane. Sandy poor soil is best suited for growing such a flower, if the bushes are planted in fertile soil, then they will begin to actively build up green mass to the detriment of flowering.
Planting in open soil is recommended to be carried out only after 10 to 15 real leaf plates and several buds are formed on the plants. When planting seedlings, it should be borne in mind that the distance between the bushes should be at least 15–20 centimeters. After planting the plants in the ground, during the first two or three days they are provided with daily watering, especially if the weather is dry. The first flowers on the plant will appear only 6-7 weeks after the appearance of seedlings.
For normal growth and development of purslane grown in open ground, systematic watering is required. Despite the fact that its leaves can retain moisture, if the bushes are watered out of time, this will negatively affect flowering. This flower throughout the growing season does not need a single weeding, top dressing, pruning, and you do not have to loosen the surface of the soil near the bushes. Purslane care is reduced only to timely watering.
PORTULAC - GROWING CARE
Watch this video on YouTube
Diseases and pests
Even a novice gardener can grow a purslane, and this is also possible for someone who does not have enough time to care for flowers. In the cultivation of terry purslane, there is also nothing complicated, since sowing and caring for it is no different from cultivating purslane of large-flowered or garden.
A gardener has extremely rare problems with such a flower, because it is highly resistant to both diseases and harmful insects. But in those years when a large number of aphids attack the gardens, the purslane may also suffer from it. In order to get rid of such a sucking pest, experts advise to resort to the help of an insecticidal drug. For example, Actellik effectively fights aphids, the solution of which also needs to be treated with purslane, if necessary, re-spraying is carried out after 7 days.
Rarely, but still, purslane can infect the fungus Albugo portulaceae. In this case, the stems are deformed in the diseased plant, and spots form on its foliage. All affected parts will need to be trimmed, after which the bushes are treated with a copper-containing fungicide.
Care after flowering
Regularly pick off from the bushes all flowers that have begun to fade and remember that if they dry, because of them, you will not be able to notice a ripened fruit in a timely manner, which can open at any time and its seeds will fall to the ground. In warm, dry weather after pollination, seed ripening will be completed in about 15 days. But if in the summer and autumn time the street is pretty cool, then seed ripening can last 30 days. In addition, you need to take into account the fact that the seeds that you just collected will become viable only with the onset of next spring, but they retain good germination for 3 years.
In the middle latitudes, the purslane freezes in the open ground in winter. In this regard, in the autumn, when the bushes bloom, they dig them up and dig the soil in the area. When starting to grow purslane, remember that it perfectly reproduces by self-sowing. Therefore, planting it only once, you can enjoy its spectacular flowering every year.
Useful properties of purslane
Purslane, as a medicinal plant, was known back in the days of Galen and Hippocrates. In those days, people were convinced that the seeds of such a plant help to cleanse the body, while its foliage was used as an antidote for a snakebite. A slurry was made from the leaf plates, which was used to relieve swelling from the eyes, and it was also taken orally with wine, which helped to eliminate pain in the bladder, as well as to cure a sick stomach. And Arab healers combined finely cut leaves of such a plant with wine and used the resulting mixture to relieve erysipelas, remove warts and treat acne.
Today, in official medicine, the antiparasitic properties of such a flower are widely used, and doctors also advise those who suffer from a mild form of diabetes to include it in their diet.
Types and varieties of purslane with photos
Portulac grandiflora (Portulaca grandiflora)
This is a perennial plant native to South America, but in the middle latitudes it is cultivated as an annual. The height of such a plant is not more than 0.3 m, since it has lodging shoots. Small fleshy leaf plates are cylindrical.Single flowers, in diameter reaching 30–40 mm, are cup-shaped and can be double or simple. Externally, the flowers are similar to tea rose, and they can be painted in cream, yellow, purple, white, beige or red. There are varieties with two-tone color. Flowering is long - from June to the last days of October.
- Double mix. Terry variety. Most often found on sale as a mixture of purslane seeds.
- Cherry. The height of such a stunted variety is about 10-12 centimeters, powerful shoots adorn terry cherry flowers, reaching about 50 mm across.
- Hybrid Cream. Creamy double flowers in diameter reach about 50 mm, the middle of them has a darker shade.
- Sunglo. This variety differs from the rest in the largest flowers. They don't close even on a cloudy day, just like the Cloudbeater and Sundance varieties.
Purslane garden, or Purslane vegetable (Portulaca oleracea)
The height of such an annual plant is about 0.3 m. It reproduces very well by self-sowing. On highly branched shoots, oblong-tabular leaf plates are located. Yellowish flowers in diameter reach from 0.7 to 0.8 cm. This species grows in groups. Flowering begins in June, and ends only at the end of the summer period. It is valued for its medicinal properties and good taste.
Purslane flowers - planting and care, growing Purslane from seeds in the open ground
Watch this video on YouTube