Hamedorea (Neantha) - home care
If you decide to decorate your house with a palm tree, which will be not only shade-tolerant, but also undemanding in care, then you should definitely pay attention to chamedorea.
Hamedorea (Chamaedorea) is also called a bamboo palm. This plant is related to the family Areca or Palm (Arecaceae, Palmae, Palmaceae). It is also sometimes called the "mountain palm", and this is because in the wild it can be met in the mountainous regions of Central and South America.
Most often, in natural conditions, chamedorea grow close to tall trees in forests, thereby sheltering from scorching sunlight. It has a large number of thin bamboo-shaped trunks, painted in green, which grow directly from the rhizome.
This very spectacular flower grows extremely slowly. A very young palm, like an adult, is equally beautiful. So, very small plants are used during the manufacture of compositions in glass vessels. And grown plants can decorate small gardens.
Chamedorea graceful (Chamaedorea elegans) more often than other types of this plant decorates houses and apartments. It is sometimes referred to as Neanthe. In height, this palm tree can reach 2 meters. She has very beautiful feathery leaves, the plates of which are painted in a pale green color, and on each of their thin trunks there are 6 or 7 pieces. Her flowers are very small yellow and they are collected in panicle inflorescences. And you can see them only on young plants.
Such a palm has become very popular both among ordinary flower growers and among professional designers. This plant is able to decorate absolutely any interior and just looks great in all rooms, whatever their purpose.
This plant has the ability to adapt to almost any conditions in a fairly short time. It can be grown with almost the same success both in a sunny room and in one where the penumbra is almost always, for example, near windows located in the northern part of the room. He is not afraid of the drying out of an earthen coma, and it has resistance to almost all pests.
Basic rules for the purchase
When buying this palm you need to be careful. So, a plant of good quality should have a saturated color foliage, as well as a new growth. The tips on the foliage should in no case have a brownish tint. As a rule, large-sized chamedorrhea has a high cost and this is because it grows very slowly. Often, flower shops offer to buy many seedlings in a flower pot, which form a very fluffy and attractive bunch. But this composition after purchase, as a rule, dries out after a while, and you have to go for another.
The thing is that these seedlings are very crowded in one pot, and therefore, as they grow, they gradually begin to oppress each other, which leads to their death. But if you wish, you can try to fix it. So you can divide this lush bush into several parts, or you can try to remove all the weakest plants, leaving the most powerful.
However, thinning seedlings is best not immediately after purchase, but after some time. So, you should wait until the seedlings begin to fade. Then you will need to pull out all the dried seedlings, and what remains will be planted.
Caring for chamedorea at home
For the Hamedorea, it does not really matter near which of the windows it will stand. Of course, she, like many plants, feels very well in a place where there is a lot of light, but it should be borne in mind that this palm does not tolerate contact with direct sunlight.But it also grows quite well and develops in rooms with very little light. So, it can be perfectly safely placed near the north window, and, of course, next to any other.
But chamedorea is very demanding on temperature. So, during its active growth, the air temperature should be in the range from 16 to 23 degrees. In winter, he prefers a relative coolness of 15–18 degrees, but make sure that the air temperature does not drop below 12 degrees.
In the warm season, the plant can be moved to the balcony or taken out to the garden, placing it in the shade of large trees. Protect it from sudden temperature fluctuations. And after it becomes quite cold in the autumn night time, the palm tree is transferred back to the house. Also remember that it reacts extremely negatively to cold drafts.
How to water
In the spring-summer period, this plant should be watered often and quite abundantly. In winter, watering is less common, and the volume of water largely depends on what temperature prevails in the room where the palm tree is located. The warmer the room, the more water will be required.
In the spring-summer period, the plant simply needs high humidity. If there is too dry air in the room, the tips of the leaves will dry out and the probability of being hit by a spider mite will increase.
Spraying is preferably carried out as often as possible. It is also necessary to regularly remove dirt and dust, using a warm water for a shower, or simply wipe the leaves with a moistened soft cloth. During cold wintering, air humidity should be slightly lower.
Feeding recently transplanted palm trees is not recommended. Due to the fact that it grows extremely slowly, they are not fed at all in the first 12 months after transplantation. During active growth, chamedorea should be fed 1 time in 2 or 3 weeks. And in the winter period, the first top-dressing per month will be enough and for this, as a rule, they use complex fertilizer or liquid, called “Palm”.
Basic Transplant Rules
So, very young plants should be transplanted every year, and it is best to do this in the spring. And an adult palm tree is transplanted only if its roots have grown so much that they become cramped in the pot (at the same time, they can begin to lift the plant itself).
When choosing a pot for transplantation, preference should be given to one that is only slightly larger than the previous one. It is better if it is a little deeper than the previous than wider. Do not forget about a good drainage layer.
If the plant is healthy, and the transplant is planned, it is better to get by with a simple transshipment and not disturb the roots once again, since chamedorrhea reacts extremely negatively to this. However, in the event that there is rotting of the roots due to overflow, then they will need to be washed, removed the diseased roots and powdered with charcoal.
Ready-made soil mix for palm trees is suitable. And you can also do it yourself:
- Mix sand, humus, peat and turf in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 2.
- Mix leaf and coniferous earth, as well as humus, taken in equal quantities.
In order to lighten the soil, you can pour sand, coconut, vermiculite or charcoal into it.
For vegetative propagation you need to disconnect the root offspring that have several roots of their own from the main bush.
Also propagated by seeds. So, seeds can be obtained at home, for this, during the flowering of a palm tree, it is necessary to carry out pollination manually. Take a brush with soft bristles and gently move pollen from the flowers of men to women. Sowing seeds is carried out in the spring and provide high air temperature (25–27 degrees). The soil must be moistened all the time. The first sprouts should appear after 30-40 days.If you used seeds purchased in the store, then germination may be delayed. After the seedlings appear 1 leaf, they are planted in small pots (diameter 7 or 8 centimeters).
If the room is very warm and dry, then scabies and a spider mite can settle on a palm tree. To remove them, treat the plant with an actellic.
- The leaves are dry. This may be due to the fact that the air in the room is too dry and the watering is scarce. Then the leaves will turn yellow and dry out, but everything will start from the tips. If only the leaves located below dry out, then this is quite normal.
- Dry both old and young leaves. Most likely, the roots rotted due to overflow. This often happens after a transplant.
- Brownish spots appeared on the leaves. Most likely, the plant underwent sharp temperature fluctuations. Van needs to remove the plant away from drafts. When removing dust from a palm tree, do not use cleaners.
palm trees, chamedorea. TRANSFER, FEEDING, WATERING, PLACE OF CONTENT
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