Lakonos (Fitolakka): planting and care in the open ground, types
You like spectacular chestnut inflorescences, however, you have no opportunity to plant a tree in your garden plot? In this case, it will be able to replace it with an unpretentious and contented spectacular lakonos plant (phytoluca). Despite the fact that it is not a powerful tree, the long stems of a long-growing shrub look quite impressive. Blooming laconia is especially decorative: its inflorescences are outwardly similar to chestnut candles, and its fruits look quite original.
This perennial plant is characterized by its unpretentiousness to growing conditions and undemanding care. Before the onset of flowering, it may seem that before you is just an ordinary weed grass, only very high. However, the flowering bush of phytoluca is highly decorative and becomes a real decoration of the garden. The plant also looks spectacular during fruit ripening.
Popularly, this plant is also called kermesovy berry, either oily grass or Jewish ivy. And in the scientific literature it is also called phytolacca.
Lakonos is a bushy, overgrown, herbaceous shrub whose stems are powerful and strong. The shoots can reach a height of about 200 cm, and as they grow on the surface of the branches, a bark of a light pink hue is formed. The plant is highly branched, therefore, it is able to form a spectacular magnificent crown. Phytolacchus is a rather powerful plant: it has not only high strong shoots, but also long leafy plates, which can reach a length of about 0.3 m. Oval wide leaves are pointed at the apex. From spring to autumn, the foliage is colored green, however, young leaf plates have a more saturated color. In autumn, the foliage acquires a crimson hue, which looks very beautiful.
Tearing and rubbing the sheet plate between your fingers, you can feel a not very pleasant smell. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend admiring the beauty of the bush from afar.
Around mid-July, fairly long (about 25 centimeters) flower stalks appear on the bush. They consist of small white flowers and have the shape of an ears. Externally, inflorescences are very similar to chestnut candles, but they are more subtle.
Bushes fade in the last weeks of August, and then fruits form on them. They are small berries, the shape of which is round and slightly flattened. Each fruit has ten lobules, inside of which there are seeds. At first, the fruits are painted in a pinkish tint, and when they ripen completely, their color changes to dark purple (almost black). In autumn, branches with dark purple fruits and red foliage look very impressive. Berries remain on the branches until the frost.
Fitolakka stands out for its uniqueness. On the one hand, this plant is a little dangerous, and on the other - useful. Lush inflorescences are considered an excellent honey plant for bees, but it is better to bypass the berries of the laconicus, as they contain poison. This plant is also used in alternative medicine, or rather, the roots of some species. It is believed that they have antibacterial and wound healing effects.
This shrub is a perennial plant, however, in winter, its stems die completely. With the onset of spring, only the rhizome, which is a thick, long shaft, remains from the plant. The roots go into the deep layers of the soil, where they calmly survive even severe frosts. In spring, the stems of the bush grow very quickly, while it starts a young growth, which allows it to grow rapidly.
Unpretentious plants for the garden Lakonos or Fitolakka. Site "Garden World"
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Choosing the right site
Choosing the best place in the garden for laconic plants, it should be borne in mind that this is a fairly large plant. You also need to remember that this is a photophilous plant, so it needs a sunny area. In a slight shade, this shrub can also be grown, but in this case it will be much smaller than the bushes that grow in the sun. If there is a lot of light, then the bush will grow tall, and the fruits on it will form much earlier and there will be more. You should also pay attention to the fact that this culture reacts negatively to drafts, so the site must be reliably protected from them. Young immature lakonos especially needs a calm and calm place. However, strong wind gusts can also damage adult bushes, injuring their stems.
Pay attention to the quality of the soil on the site. It must be nutritious. For example, chernozem with low acidity is perfect for such a plant. However, this shrub will grow quite well both on peaty-sandy soil and on loam. If you plant lakonos in depleted soil, then it will grow low, while its foliage and inflorescences will also be smaller.
The most popular among gardeners is the seed method of propagation of phytoluca. At the same time, sowing of seeds can be carried out immediately in open ground. You can sow them in spring at the end of return frosts or in the fall (before winter), but in this case, the crops need to be covered with a layer of flying foliage. If you want, then you can very well grow this perennial through seedlings, for this, sowing of seeds is carried out at the beginning of the spring period. Please note that during autumn sowing, seed material does not need pre-sowing preparation. However, before spring sowing, it must be stratified for at least 20 days. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked for 24 hours in clean water (you can add a growth stimulant). Due to this, seed germination will increase significantly.
The grown seedlings are transplanted in open ground around May (not earlier). Moreover, the transplant is carried out by the method of transshipment. The fact is that the lakonos reacts extremely negatively to this procedure, since it does not like to be disturbed by its root system. That is why gardeners recommend sowing seeds in individual containers, which will exclude picking and make it easy to plant the grown plantlet in the garden. And the best option for growing seedlings is paper or peat cups, since in this case the seedling can be planted in the ground along with the "capacity".
This plant is aggressive and rapidly growing, so you need to plant it from other perennials at a distance of not less than 200 cm. However, it also has a positive quality - it repels most harmful insects.
LACONOS SOWING FEATURES Video lesson by Olga Chernova February 8, 2017
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Lakonos is notable for its unpretentiousness, but in the first few years of growth he still needs to pay attention. But when the bush grows stronger, it can grow without your help.
Water the shrub immediately after the topsoil dries. At the same time, pay attention to the fact that it reacts extremely negatively to both fluid stagnation in the soil and drought.
A mature adult plant with a developed rhizome does not need additional nutrition. Its roots penetrate into the deep layers of the soil, where they can find the nutrients necessary for the plant. However, during the first two years of growth, the bush needs systematic top dressing. From spring to the beginning of the autumn period, the plant is fed 1 time in 2 weeks, using mullein infusion for this.
This shrub does not need forming clippings, since it is itself capable of forming its crown. However, during the preparation of the plant for wintering, it is imperative to prune its stems.If the variety is vigorous, then he will need support.
In regions with a mild and warm climate, the roots of the pinnacle can overwinter without shelter. However, young bushes need shelter, trimmed plants also shelter if the winter in the region is frosty and not very snowy. To do this, the site is covered with a thick layer of flying leaves or peat.
This plant can be propagated by dividing the bush and seed method. Seed collection is carried out from September to October, and they are sown immediately in open ground. Friendly spring shoots will appear in springtime. For propagation by division, only those bushes that are younger than five years old are suitable, but carry out this procedure in the spring. The fact is that you simply can’t dig up the overgrown rhizome of a more mature bush without injuring it, and it will be extremely difficult to divide it.
Types of laconic with photo
Under natural conditions, you can meet a little more than 20 species of pokeweed. However, only 3 species are grown on garden plots.
Lakonos American (Phytolacca decandra)
This shrub has a round shape and reaches a height of about 300 centimeters. The length of green foliage is up to 40 centimeters. The bush blooms in June, while flowering ends only in September. Upright inflorescences have a light green hue. Ripening of black-violet fruits is observed in the first autumn weeks. The shoots and roots contain poison, but at the same time they have healing properties. In this regard, it is necessary to use them with great care. Propagate this species by a vegetative method and seeds.
Lakonos berry or grape (Phytolacca acinosa)
Dark foliage of this species has a more pointed shape. At the same time, the berries of this shrub are similar in appearance to blackberries. Dense inflorescences are pink. The roots and fruits of such a plant contain poison. And young foliage and stems in Asian countries are used for cooking.
Lakonos club-bearing, or multi-stamen (Phytolacca polyandra)
The stems of this species in length reach about 100 centimeters. They are decorated with pink inflorescences and not so large foliage.
Lakonos (Fitolakka) decoration or weed?
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