Siderasis - home care, transplantation and reproduction
Kind of like siderasis, belonging to the family of Commelinaceae (Commelinaceae), has only one representative, namely, brownish siderasis (Siderasis fuscata). In nature, it can be found in the forests of eastern Brazil.
This herbaceous perennial plant can reach a height of 30-40 centimeters. It has a very short stem and has a thick leafy rosette. The leaves are large enough and very fleshy. Simple leaflets are elliptical in shape, about 10 centimeters wide and 20 centimeters long. The glossy front of the leaves is painted dark green and a silver, pale green longitudinal strip is located right in the center. The wrong side is greenish-purple.
Small flowers (diameter of about 2.5 centimeters) are painted in purple and lilac color and have snow-white stamens. Also, flowers having 3 petals are collected in not very large apical inflorescences-curls. Flowers are attached to thick, not long (3-4 centimeters) peduncles. The plant blooms in May and October.
Spectacular pubescence gives special decorativeness to siderasis. Almost all parts of the flower are covered with a dense layer consisting of short purple hairs. Thanks to this feature, the plant got its second name - “bear ears”.
Home Sideisis Care
This flower is very rarely seen in anyone in the apartment, and it is also rarely seen in flower shops. Siderasis is a very exotic plant, and its lucky owners should definitely learn how to properly care for it.
Scattered light is required, and illumination should be at the level of 2500–2700 lux. It grows and develops quite well in partial shade, and also feels excellent with artificial lighting and can do without sun light in this case.
For this plant, it is best to choose a window sill located in the northern part of the room. If it is necessary to place it in the southern part, it is recommended to remove siderasis away from the window opening.
In the warm season, he feels good at moderate temperatures (22–25 degrees). With the onset of winter, you can rearrange the flower in a cool place (from 14 to 16 degrees). However, the temperature should not drop below 14 degrees, because tender leaves will freeze.
How to water
Watering is performed as the substrate dries. To do this, always use soft, well-maintained water. In no case should the liquid fall onto the foliage. Experienced growers are advised to water through a pallet. To do this, pour water into a wide pan and place a pot. After some time, the remaining liquid must be poured out. Thus, adult, overgrown plants are particularly recommended to be watered.
Stagnation of water in the soil cannot be allowed, as the plant will begin to rot.Drying of the earthen substrate can also be destructive, because weak roots do not accumulate moisture in reserve and as a result, the flower dries quickly.
High humidity of at least 70 percent is required. However, spraying foliage is unacceptable. In order to make the humidity high, you can pour a little expanded clay into the pan and pour water. Also in the immediate vicinity of siderasis, you can put an open vessel filled with water. However, terrariums or florariums are best suited for its cultivation. This is where the flower will feel best.
Suitable land should be loose and rich in nutrients. You can make a soil mixture with your own hands by mixing humus and leafy soil, as well as coarse sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. Do not forget about a good drainage layer, which will help to avoid overflow.
Top dressing is required only during active plant growth 2 times a month. To do this, use complex mineral fertilizers for decorative and deciduous plants. With the onset of the autumn period, they feed less often, and in winter they do not apply fertilizer to the soil.
Regular transplants are not required for the plant, as it grows rather slowly. As a rule, this procedure is carried out only after the roots cease to fit in the pot. For transplanting, you need to take a flower pot a little wider than the previous one, but at the same time it should be low.
As a rule, propagated by division. To do this, during the transplant, the rhizome is carefully cut into pieces. It is extremely difficult to grow from seeds, and seedlings often die. Cuttings are also not suitable for reproduction.
Diseases and pests
Most often, a spider mite settles on the plant. It is very difficult to get rid of this harmful insect, as the leaves cannot be moistened. However, there is one fairly effective folk method. Siderasis needs to be tightly covered with a bag of polyethylene, and inside it, lay out cotton wool balls soaked in dichlorvos (they can not be placed on foliage or ground).
Almost not susceptible to disease, but at the same time, if it is not properly looked after, this can lead to a loss of decorativeness, as well as to the death of the plant. So, it is impossible to suppose not overflow not overdry of the substrate. Also, if there is low humidity, then the tips of the leaves will begin to dry. The plant will lose its decorative effect for a long time, as new foliage grows very slowly.