Serissa - home care, bonsai
Plant like serissa (Serissa) is a compact evergreen shrub that can reach a height of no more than 60 centimeters. His trunk is very bent, and small leaves have an oblong or ellipsoidal shape. The white-gray bark exfoliates with fairly thin strips.
Flowers of his small size are painted in pink or white color shade. They are located in the leaf sinuses. Flowering is very long from the end of the spring to the beginning of the autumn period. Serissa is also called the "tree of a thousand stars", and that's all, because during flowering it is strewn with small flowers, shaped like stars. But in connection with what is this plant considered a tree? The fact is that its grayish bark, as well as its relatively powerful, protruding from the soil, trunk looks similar to an adult tree of only a very small size.
The birthplace of this plant is tropical Asia. Young shoots are most often acquired due to very beautiful flowers. But it is worth considering that the series is very capricious and demanding in care. A beginner is unlikely to cope with such a difficult task, even a grower with extensive experience behind him, sometimes this can not be done. An interesting fact is that after you touch the bark of this tree, the room will be filled with a specific aroma.
Serissa care at home
It is necessary to choose a well-lit place with a sufficiently large amount of light, but it should be borne in mind that direct sunlight should not fall on the foliage.A window of western or eastern orientation is best suited for placement. You should know that if the lighting is very intense, then the leaves turn yellow. If there is not enough light, then the serissa will not be able to grow and develop normally.
In the warm season, this tree will feel great at an air temperature of 18 to 30 degrees. In winter, he needs a relative coolness of 14-15 degrees. Note that the temperature should not fall below 12 degrees.
How to water
In the summer, watering should be plentiful and carried out with a regularity of 1 time in 4 days. It should be borne in mind that between irrigation, the upper one and a half centimeter layer of the substrate must necessarily dry. For irrigation use exclusively soft water. In winter, watering is reduced to moderate (no more than 1 time per week). Both overflow and overdrying of the soil are very harmful to the plant (especially in winter). If you grow a serissa in the form of a bonsai, then in this case it is recommended to water it through a tray. After this kind of watering is done, you need to drain the water from the pan and wait until excess liquid flows through the drainage holes.
Pretty hygrophilous plant. Recommended air humidity should be at least 50 percent. Experienced gardeners advise spraying foliage 2 times a day, and best of all in the morning and evening hours. Also, to increase moisture in the pan, you can pour pebbles and pour a little water. Make sure that the bottom of the pot does not come into contact with the liquid.
It is necessary to fertilize the plant in the spring-summer period 1 time per month. For this, fertilizers are used exclusively in liquid form. It’s best to choose organic fertilizers, but you can also use mineral fertilizers (1/2 of the recommended dose on the package). In winter, fertilizers cannot be applied to the soil.
Transplantation is carried out 1 time in 2 years in the spring. If necessary, during the procedure, you can slightly trim the root system. The newly transplanted plant must be put in a shaded place where it should spend some time.
As a rule, propagated by cuttings. To do this, cut off the semi-lignified apical stem, the length of which should be about 10 centimeters. It must have 3 nodes. For rooting, you will need a mini-greenhouse with a bottom heating, filled with a mixture of perlite with peat. But before planting the stalk, the slice should be treated with heteroauxin. When the roots appear, the plant is transplanted into a separate container.
Pests and diseases
A worm, scutellum, spider mite or aphid can settle. When overflowing, in most cases the root system rots, as well as if heavy soil is used for cultivation.
Possible problems and care tips
- Flowering does not occur - there is little light.
- The leaves turn yellow, rot and die - due to excess moisture in the soil.
- The room in which the plant is located should be regularly ventilated.
- In spring, it is recommended to trim weak branches and pinch the tops of the shoots for better branching. The dried side branches are cut with scissors.
- If you cut all the lower branches, then you can form a serissa in the form of a small tree.
Japanese Bonsai Serissa - Video
Watch this video on YouTube