Whitefeldia: home care, transplantation and reproduction
The flowering Whitefeldia (Whitfieldia) plant is part of the Acanthus family. At home, pruning is regularly performed, which limits the growth of the flower, as a result of which its height, as a rule, does not exceed 0.6 m.
On average, the plant grows in height from 10 to 15 centimeters per year. Whitefeldia blooms for quite some time: from the last days of October until the beginning of spring. During this period, beautiful inflorescences are formed on the bush, having a spike-like shape, which consist of white flowers. That is why such a flower is popularly called "White Candles". He hails from the tropical part of Africa.
Whitefeldia has an average growth rate, and is also a perennial. In care, it is unpretentious, therefore suitable even for beginners in floriculture.
Short description of growing
- Temperature. In summer, no more than 30 degrees, and in winter - from 15 to 18 degrees.
- Air humidity. Must be elevated. The flower is moistened every day from a spray bottle.
- Illumination. A large amount of bright diffused light. Protect from direct sunlight.
- Watering. In summer, moisten the substrate abundantly, and in the winter months - moderately.
- Soil mix. Nutritious, light and moisture-consuming.
- Top dressing. Twice a month, a universal mineral complex for indoor plants.
- Transfer. Systematically once a year in the spring.
- Breeding. Cuttings and seed way.
- Pruning. Formative pruning should be carried out regularly.
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Whitefeld Home Care
In order for indoor whitefeldia to develop correctly and bloom magnificently every year, you need to know several rules for caring for it.
Whitefeldia, growing at home, blooms in the second half of autumn, and only blooms in spring. Her flowers are relatively large and are part of dense spike-shaped inflorescences. They have fluffy bracts and long bent stamens, painted in yellow. In indoor culture, this plant does not form seeds.
In the warm season, the heat is not terrible for the plant; it quite easily withstands a temperature increase of up to 30 degrees. Wintering should be cool at a temperature of 15 to 18 degrees. If it is warm in winter, then because of this the stems can become very elongated.
Since whitefeldia is a tropical plant, it needs high humidity. That is why the bush must be moistened every day from the sprayer with soft water, the temperature of which is close to room temperature. Also, to increase humidity, it is recommended to put wet expanded clay in the pan, and put a pot with a plant on top of it.
Homemade whitefeldia needs a large amount of bright diffused light. Therefore, she will feel fine on the western or eastern windowsill. In the summer, if possible, the bush is transferred to the garden, where they choose a place for it in the shade.
In the warm season, watering should be frequent and plentiful (three or four times a week). With a cool wintering, the abundance and frequency of watering is slightly reduced. Make sure that the soil mixture in the pot is always slightly moist. Remember that whitefeldia reacts equally negatively both to fluid stagnation in the substrate and to the drying of an earthen coma.
The root system of such a tropical flower is powerful, while it grows and develops very quickly. In this regard, for its cultivation, you should choose a fairly spacious pot, which can be made of ceramics or strong plastic. Please note that there must be drainage holes at the bottom.
The substrate must be fertile and loose. For example, in a specialized store you can buy a universal soil mix.If desired, the substrate can be prepared with your own hands, for this, combine peat, sand, soddy soil and humus, which are taken in equal proportions.
In order for the bush to please you with lush regular flowering, it should be fed twice a month. For this, a universal complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants is suitable. Whitefeldia also responds well to fertilizing with organic fertilizers.
Transplanted flower in springtime. Carefully pull the bush out of the container and trim part of its roots. The growth of young roots activates the more rapid development of the aerial parts of the plant.
In order for the flower to always look spectacular and tidy, it should provide systematic pruning. In spring, all the stems of the bush should be shortened by about 1/3. It is recommended to feed the trimmed bush with fertilizer containing nitrogen so that it can recover quickly.
The resting period of this plant is not pronounced. Flowering and active growth continues in the winter. So that the stems do not stretch due to poor lighting in the winter, the bush will need lighting.
Homemade Whitefeldia does not seed. In specialized stores they do not sell. The only option is that seed can be bought from collectors, but it will be quite expensive. In this regard, flower growers propagate whitefeldia seeds in very rare cases.
Most often, such a plant in room culture is propagated by stem cuttings, especially since it is quite simple to do. For harvesting cuttings, non-lignified and not diseased stems are chosen. In length, they should reach from 50 to 80 millimeters. For rooting, they are planted in a substrate consisting of peat and sand. In order for the roots on the cuttings to appear as quickly as possible, the room temperature is maintained at least 24 degrees. After complete rooting of the cuttings, they are planted in separate pots.
If you violate the rules of care for whitefeldia or under inappropriate growing conditions, problems may arise with it:
- Faded foliage. This means that the flower is not enough light. To correct the situation, transfer the pot with the plant to a well-lit window sill or provide it with additional illumination.
- The stems became very elongated. This is due to overly poor lighting or the fact that during the wintering period the bush is warm.
- Drying of the tips of the sheet plates. This often happens when the air in the room is too dry. Because of this, the flower will not die, but its decorative effect will suffer greatly. To avoid this, it must be moistened every day from the spray bottle with cold water.
- Sheet plates fold. Such a problem occurs if the bush stands on a brightly lit window sill and the air in the room is too dry.
- Brown dry spots of various sizes form on leaf blades.. These are sunburns, which are formed due to the direct rays of the sun falling on the leaves.
- Yellowing and dying of the lower foliage. Regular stagnation of moisture in the substrate is to blame. To save Whitefeldia, it is urgent to transplant it into a new and dry substrate, and do not forget about a good drainage layer.
Pests such as aphids, mealybugs and spider mites can settle on the bush.
At home, only 2 types of whitefeldia are cultivated, which will be described below.
Whitefeld Brick Red (Whitfieldia lateritia)
The birthplace of such a compact plant is Sierra Leone. The stalks are decorated with glossy oval leaf plates with a pointed point at the top. Inflorescences consist of bright brick-red flowers.
Whitefeld longifolia (Whitfieldia elongata)
In nature, this species can be found on the territory of Angola, Cameroon and Congo.His flowers are snow-white, and the foliage is glossy and opposite.